A Brief History of American Political Parties
A Brief History of American Political Parties GOVT 2306
Popular in State and Local Government
Popular in History
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ming-Han Lu on Friday September 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GOVT 2306 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Euel Elliott in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see State and Local Government in History at University of Texas at Dallas.
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Date Created: 09/25/15
A Brief History of American Political Parties Sept 25 Friday September 25 2015 859 AM Pop Quiz YN Does the Constitution specify how many if any political parties the US should have N Who was the last successful third party candidate to win the US presidency Lincoln YN Did the quotFounding Fathersquot approve of political parties N TF George Washington was not part of a political party and was the only president to be unanimously elected T YN Did either the Republican or Democratic Party exist at the beginning of Washington39s presidency N What is a quotpolitical partyquot politics an organization of people who share the same views about the way power should be used in a country or society through government policymaking etc Colins Dictionary Political Parties in the United States the leaders of the American Revolution did not like the idea of parties and political battles between parties Upon his retirement from public life in 1796 president George Washington warned Americans against quotfactionsquot James Madison thought parties were quotprobably necessaryquot although he did not entirely approve of them Alexander Hamilton thought that faction was a quotvicequot to be guarded against at all times Thomas Jefferson declared in 1789 quotif I could not go to heaven but with a party I would not go there at allquot First Party System 1792892 lst 17901820 Jefferson vs Hamilton Federalists Democrats strong weaker Central bank No central bank Supported in the North Supported in the South Connected to the banker rich merchants and people who played a Connected to role in the economy Farmers English French Jacksonian 2nd 18281854 Democrats Farmers Rural Small decentralized weak federal government Argued that it Interfered with free market The government should not involve No tariff South West Immigrants Catholics and other people who were not included in the power structure of America Jackson was considered in this 3rd 18601896 Democrats Farmers workers Small decentralized weak federal government No to Tariff Favored for prohibition but they didn39t drive wasn39t part of the platform South 4th 18961932 McKinley vs Roosevelt Democrats Farmers and immigrants Strengthening Strengthening Prohibition Against the US getting involved in World War South 5th 19321968 Great Depression National Republicans Urban coastal elites Strong federal government Favored a tariff No h WASP white Anglo Saxon Protestant Jackson himself did not t this description Republicans adopted the Whig platforms Commercial famers traders Strong federal government Support of Tariff The major supporter for prohibition more involved in moral issues North RepubHcans Women suffrage business community Government is weakening Everything is weakening Prohibition North Democrats Republicans Ethnic whites African Americans Strong national defense Strong government Weakening Pushed for Social security and Tried to challenge the expansion of government with New Deal Medicare but didn39t gain a broad base of support Depends on the South and North cities businesses immigrant vote 6th 1968Now Democrats Republicans African American urban Rural focus working areas class Active role for the A strong national government defense Progressive Conservativestatus qUO North and the West Coast South
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