American Revolution HY 325-001
Popular in US World Power to 1898
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erica Kugler on Friday September 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HY 325-001 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Steinbock-Pratt in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see US World Power to 1898 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
Reviews for American Revolution
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/25/15
American Revolution Material Culture in the Colonies British goods that the colonies enjoyed tea clothing Material things took on a political meaning as they demonstrated which side you were one o Kept British things Loyalists o Abandoned British things Patriot Right to choose what to consume virtuous citizenry 0 Be willing to sacrificeforego certain aspects British culture for the betterment of society Boycotting British goods and adopted new nonBritish things was a way for colonists to feel connected and aided in the creation of an American identity New American identity rejection of British culture Shift in manufacturing from British produced goods to domestically produced goods Dressing up as Native Americans Famous example of colonists dressing up as Natives Boston Tea Party Precedent for dressing as Natives Mast Tree Law incident 0 Law passed which forbid the cutting down of trees that could be used as ship masts I Only the British crown had the right to cut down such trees I Upset New England colonists who relied on timber for economy 0 In response colonists dressed up as Natives and attacked those who upheld the law Colonies dressed up as Natives normally during political protests Native American dress rejection of British culture signaled an embrace of something uniquely American American Revolution GlobalImperial War Am Rev in colonies was part of a larger imperial war Constant fighting between Great Britain France and Spain 0 Struggle for global dominance o Struggle for colonial control Before the Seven Years War Britain had a policy of quotbenign neglect toward the 13 colonies o Meant that the Crown invested little oversight in the colonies I Crown focused more on higher profit colonies like those in the Caribbean PostSeven Years War Crown exercised more direct rule over the colonies and implemented imperial reforms 0 Imperial reforms in the colonies less benign neglect Navigation Acts Proclamation Act of 1763 Sugar Act Stamp Act Quebec 0 Gained by Britain after the Seven Years War o 1775 colonists invaded Quebec with the hope of convincing French Canadians to join the Patriot cause I Colonists trying to play on French Canadians anger for being ruled by the British I 1st invasion attack was led by General Montgomery gt captured Montreal 0 Patriots alienated Canadians in Montreal thereby ending any hope of turning them to the Patriots side I General Montgomery then met up with Benedict Arnold to capture Quebec City 0 Battle of Quebec gt attack on Quebec City was a failure 0 General Montgomery died gt seen as a martyr for colonial cause 0 Benedict Arnold wounded 0 End of Americans hope to have Canadians join the Patriots 0 France 0 Supported the Patriot cause secretly by supplying money gunpowder and soldiers o 1778 formal alliance between France and the colonies is made I Reasons for alliance 0 France wanted revenge for Seven Years War 0 France looking to protect its interest in the West Indies 0 France looking to regain land lost in the Seven Years War 0 Marquis de Lafayette gt French general who fought wthe colonists I Saw the American Revolution as the culmination of Enlightenment ideals of liberty rights freedom etc 0 After the war France found itself with a lot of debt 0 Provided unofficial aid to the Patriots in the form of silver financial contributions 0 Never entered into a formal alliance wthe colonies but it was an ally to France I Joined the war as France s ally in 1779 with the stipulation that France regain the WE Florida and Gibraltar I quotjoined the war just provided financial resources didn t send soldiers Reason to aid the Patriots weaken Britain 1779 attempted invasion of Britain Second Armada gt failure I Joint effort between Spain and France Spain provided the ships and France provided the soldiers I Bad weather and French soldiers getting sick contributed to the invasion s failure 0 After the war Spain gained WE Florida 0 Native Americans 0 Had to choose where their loyalty and interests lied I Most tried neutrality at first I As war goes on most end up supporting the British 0 Why Because many Natives saw the war as a fight by the colonists for access to Native land I Iroquois Federation became divided as different tribes supported different sides I Cherokees gt who they supported was divided along generation lines o Elders supported neutrality younger supported the British o Cherokees had been losing land to the colonists even before the war 0 The war was hard on the Cherokees land lost and towns destroyed 0 Post war try to Americanize adopt Christianity American houses 0 1783 at signing of Treaty of Paris Great Britain abandons its Native allies I Signs of some Indian land to the new US War implications for colonial identity and slavery o Prewar creolization blend British culture wnew cultural elements of colonies 0 Lead up to and during the Revolution creation of a new American identity 0 Less British customslifestyledress o Slaves and the Revolution 0 George Washington initially said that slaves could not serve in the Continental Army I Later on he reversed that and the Continental Army as well as colonial militias had integrated units I Promises of freedom after service 0 1775 Dunmore s Proclamation I If a slaves escapes and fights for the British then freedom would be granted I quotEthiopian Regiment or quotBlack Loyalists 0 name of regiment of runaway slaves who fought for the British 0 at the end of the war Americans tried to get back their escaped slaves but the British refused to turn them over 0 main question facing America after the war slavery and liberty gt incompatible I Slave trade was outlawed in the colonies in 1807 I Some colonies passed laws abolishing slavery 0 These colonies were mainly northern colonies whose economy didn t rely heavily on slavery I Issue with abolishing slavery economic problems for the South and plantation based states Key Words 0 Battle of Quebec 0 General Montgomery 0 Benedict Arnold o Marquis de Lafayette 0 Treaty of Paris 0 Dunmore s Proclamation o Ethiopian Regiment
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'