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Classical Conditioning

by: Erica Kugler

Classical Conditioning PY 105

Erica Kugler
GPA 4.0
Honors Intro Psychology
Stephen Groff

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About this Document

Notes over classical conditioning
Honors Intro Psychology
Stephen Groff
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erica Kugler on Friday September 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PY 105 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Stephen Groff in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 72 views. For similar materials see Honors Intro Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 09/25/15
Classical Conditioning 0 Classical Conditioning taking something neutral and attaching it wsomething else 0 CS gt UCS gt UCR gt CR CS Conditioned Stimulus UCS Unconditioned Stimulus UCR Unconditioned Response a response that is automaticinnate CR Conditioned Response 0 Responding to just the CS 0 quotlearned response At first the UCS produces the UCR By pairing a Condition Stimulus CS with an Unconditioned Stimulus UCS a new Conditioned Response CR occurs where the CS alone can create the UCR without the UCS o Other terms associated with classical conditioning Acquisition formation of an association bwn the CS and UCS 0 Link between CS and UCS is strongest when they are presented close in time ie UCS quickly follows the CS Extinction presentation of CS is no longer followed by the CR 0 The CR is extinguished when the CS no longer leads to the UCS Spontaneous Recovery CS elicits the CR once the UCS is reintroduced o Extinguished CR reemerges when the link between CS and UCS is restored Stimulus discrimination subject will only respond to the stimulus it has been conditioned to respond to ie new CS will not produce the UCR nor CR Stimulus generalization subject will respond to different types of CS s and still produce the UCR and CR 0 Classical conditioning is all about learning Learning permanent change in behavior due to an experience 0 Understanding how events are related 0 Behaviorism school of psychology 0 Ivan Pavlov 0 Medical Doctor early 19005 dealt with the digestive system and salvation reflexes o Pavlov dog experiment Experiment classical conditioning of a dog to make him salivate at the sound of the bell by associating the bell ringing with the presence of food A hungry dog that sees food UCS will salivate UCR A bell was introduced as the CS and when the bell was rung food was presented to the dog thus making the dog salivate Over time the dog associated the sound of a bell ringing with the presence of food so he would automatically salivate even if no food was present This act of going from the CS the bell ringing to the UCR represented a new CR because it forwent the UCS Extinction would occur if the dog realized that when the bell was rung no food would be presented and it stopped salivating Spontaneous recovery would be if food was reintroduced when the bell rang so that the dog would salivate again 0 Another example of classical conditioning 911 related 0 Let UCS enemy attack and UCR fear so UCS gt UCR or enemy attack gt fear 0 Planes can be used to carry out attacks so CS planes gt UCS gt UCR o For those that experienced 911 they may traumatized to the point where planes automatically elicit a feeling of fear even if there is no enemy attack so a new CR has been produced where CS planes gt UCR fear CR 0 John B Watson 0 quotLittle Albert experiment I A kid named Albert wasn t afraid of rats so Watson wanted to find a way to make Albert afraid of rats I Experiment 0 Albert was seated in a chair and right before a rat of presented a loud bangingnoise would be made to make Albert scared Over time Albert associated the presence of the rat with fear because of the timing of the rat s presentation and the loud noise occurring 0 UCS gt loud noise 0 UCR gt fear 0 CS gt rate 0 CR gt sight of rat and feeling afraid 0 Stanley Migram 0 Obedience to authority gt looked at why people obey authority figures I Try to understand why normal everyday people participated in some of the worst Nazi experiments in concentration camps 0 Experiment I Had volunteers work with a researcher who told them to electrocute patients The experiment was fake and no one was electrocuted but 60 of the volunteered followed the researcher s instructions to continually increase the voltage even to the lethal dosage level


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