Operant Conditioning PY 105
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erica Kugler on Friday September 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PY 105 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Stephen Groff in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Honors Intro Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 09/25/15
Operant Conditioning 0 B F Skinner behaviorism school of psychology 0 Operant conditioning subject associates a behavior with a consequence 0 quotlearning where an action s consequence determines the likelihood it will be performed in the future 0 Can be in the form of reinforcement or punishment I Reinforcement can be positive or negative and serves to increase the probability an action will occur again I Punishment is used to decrease the likelihood of a behavior occurring again 0 Positive punishment administration of a stimulus to decrease the probability of a behavior recurring 0 Negative punishment removal of a stimulus to decrease the probability of a behavior recurring 0 Law of effect I Behavior leading to satisfaction will likely occur again I Behavior leading to annoyancedissatisfaction will not likely occur again 0 Positive or negative reinforcement I Reinforcer stimulus that occurs after a response and increases the likelihood that the response will be repeated 0 Primary reinforcer reinforcers that are necessary for survival like food 0 Secondary reinforce reinforce that doesn t satisfy a biological need for survival like money 0 Continuous reinforcement behavior is reinforced every time it occurs 0 Partial reinforcement behavior is reinforced intermittently I Both positive and negative reinforcement increase the likelihood that the behavior will occur again in the future I Positive reinforcement reinforcing a response wa reward S praise etc o Reward serves as an enticement to do that behavior again I Negative reinforcement reinforcement done to remove an unwanted behavior 0 Ex headache Tylenol gt take Tylenol to remove unwanted headache o Headache disappearing will reinforce the behavior of taking Tylenol when a headache comes again 0 Shaping reinforcement occurs closer and closer in proximity to the behavior I Provide rewards for actions that get the subject closer and closer to the desired behavior I Slowing reaching the desired behavior at small increments wpositive reinforcement during the increments 0 Ex teaching someone to ride a bike 0 Slowly go from parent holding the bike to having the child ride with just training wheels to riding without training wheels during these phases the adult is giving continuous positive praise to motivate the child o Schedules of reinforcement gt determines when a reinforcement will be given I 2 types interval and ratio 0 Interval quottimequot o Fixed interval certain amount of time must elapse before the reinforcement can be given 0 Variable interval an average or nonfixed amount of time must elapse before reinforcement can be given 0 Ratio quotnumber of responses 0 Fixed ratio certain number of responses must occur before the reinforcement can be given 0 Variable ration variednonfixed number of responses must occur before the reinforcement can be givens
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