Week 5 Lecture Notes - AHS 102 Ball State
Week 5 Lecture Notes - AHS 102 Ball State AHS 102
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This 25 page Class Notes was uploaded by Janice Carter on Saturday September 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to AHS 102 at Ball State University taught by Natalie E Phillips in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 128 views. For similar materials see History of Art Survey 2 in Art History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 09/26/15
92115 High Renaissance in Italy 1 6th century 1 Greater realism 2 Interest in Classicism 3 Increased interest in human psychology talks about Leonard a ton o artist who was also interested in engineering science and other facets of knowledge He was kind and got along with his patrons 0 He couldn t nish most of his works bc he s always chasing information 0 Leonardo s Notebooks he recorded scienti c experiments and other various projects 0 he had a high thirst for knowledge 0 He wrote in mirrored writing to encode his ideas 0 Interested in extreme realism 0 Studies human anatomy present and annual autopsies it was rumored he probably attended illegal autopsies do da Vinci 0 On the right Leo studied how owing water passes a stick eonar 5 an t 39 39 i iyb lJEI w VHSJ 1 W TIMIab quot H 1n 539ilrl lm has hi FI iFi 39 E 39IELH E E rawLu J V at F H l n m a u 39 H I in HIIIIInIu quotKl Jana AzITJIIlI I fl E 39b 4 rI39 7 a quotwkme ru n39 nm Eu quot quot H n 1 n an 5 L H jr r Uruguay nquot 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L imII 395 a n a a i If I L r Iquot Iu ganl r FIR1 IFI1I I Purina w an Ifquot Mdgl39n E i 939 m i39l I Am II In K H 9 I H 39 I39 I in 1 r O by Leonardo da Vinci the baby is in the wrong direction and the womb probably belongs to a cow 0 The Vitruvian Man perfect geometry of the human body tting within a circle and square 0 Military Service Leonardo Leo worked for the Duke of Milan different man Leo was peaceful the Duke was militant Worked for him bc it was highly ranked to work for the court 0 Leo came up with great military inventions 7 Shawn fur Militaer Weaponry V LE EIILE IF Ila Ei in i E 1 ll helicopter crossbowcatapult and other various military inventions Virgn and Ehild with St Anne Lennar n In Vinci 0 Virgin and Child with St Anne by Leonardo da Vinci use of Chiaroscuro and atmospheric perspective 0 Sfumato misty haze that surrounds gures softfocused light 0 Pyramidal composition gures are within a triangle in the composition I All three gures St Anne Mary and Christ are in a triangle 0 Leo liked to make the gures connected by hand gestures and eye contact 0 Mary and her mom St Anne looks the same age I Sigmund Freud said it looks like two mothers with one child Leo had two mothers birth and adoptive mother Leo adds personal touches to his paintings according to Freud I Freud also mentions a hidden vulture in the painting an Egyptian symbol ccmotherhood 0 Leo was more interested in unattractive people due to their strong facial expressions 0 He studies human emotions creates many portraits o by Leonardo da Vinci the only Leo painting in North America Portrait The lady is serious looking 0 Juniper plant in Italian ginepro Ginepro relates to the lady s name Ginevra perhaps a pun Leo added The background With all the plants symbolizes Ginevra s inner character 0 The position of the the female portrait continues to evolve in Italy Ginevra is looking more towards the Viewer 92315 The Mona Lisa Leonardo da Vinci O The Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci the most famous painting in the world O 0000 Her real name is Lisa Gherardini del Giocondo sometimes called La Gioconda The painting is part of popculture used as a symbol of art Key characteristic of Leo s style sfumato pyramidal composition Her shoulders are tilted away from the Viewer First time that a woman makes direct eye contact with the Viewer Drastic change compared to Portrait ofa Lady Half smile on her face She s wearing a veil on her head blackdarkbrown hard to see A veil was worn by women who were pregnant or just gave birth I A clue that maybe Lisa was pregnant A copy of the Mona Lisa was produced by an apprentice of Leo The LEI Supper Lennard dla Vinei O The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci on a wall in Milan located where the monks eat similar location as Andrea Castagno s O The painting s in terrible condition bc Leo tried a dried fresco technique that failed It s a struggle to preserve the painting over time it will vanish Iii 0 Focal point if Christ s head The Apostles are in 4 groups of three symbol of the holy trinity O Judas looks worried he leans backwards from Christ He clutches money in hand for betraying Christ he also knocked over a salt shaker with his elbow g 77il7 l E 74L LJ o an old saying meaning betraying your master 0 Michelangelo saw him as the best artist that ever lived the divine one 0 He described Mich with a dif cult personality a loner and hard to talk to 0 He couldn t nish works bc he thought too big Strange inconsistencies in some artworks due to lack of time rms ncient Greece during the Hellenistic period shows great emotion Mich saw it in person when it was rst excavated He was highly in uenced by it o Mich primarily worked in sculpture romanticized his works He releases a gure within a mass of a sculpting medium o by Michelangelo enormous single piece of valuable marble David and Goliath 0 He made this in a competition in Florence he won This is set before the battle against Goliath Donatello made his after the battle Hands are oversized and veins are seen 0 Slingshot over his shoulders O Glimmer of doubt in David s expression furrowed brow M F r The sculpture is meant to be seen from all sides sculptureintheround 0 David is shown physically powerful enough to defeat Goliath the opposite in Donatello s version The Medici T 39 llh Mich213 again 0 The Medici Tomb by Michelangelo two Medici brothers that passed e the other brother more opencon dent 0 There are allegorical gures below the bothers statues o gure seen twisting his torso The child of Night he feeds from her she looks like she s sleeping Looks really muscular Mich only used male models Her breasts are misshapened bc Day feeds from them they look de ated 92515 quotill The Sistine Shape Ceiling Mneltmelangelli O The Sistine Chapel Ceiling by Michelangelo commissioned by Pope Julius II Took Mich only four years to paint 0 Flat barrel vault fake architecture painted the triangles are real 0 Chapel was thoroughly cleaned revealed that Mich used brightcartoonish colors This upsetted people for a While they were used to the dimmer tones Rectangular sections with Old Testament scenes 0 God is seen in the Adam and Eve scene Eve looks muscular male model God seen again in the Fall of Adam and Eve scene O o looks big and oversized compared to other gures Mich painted with a monumental and overpowering appearance v 75 l39 e a is a female prophet painted large as well 0 Mich didn t let his assistants help him paint 1 nrV V 1 e Mich used drastic actionmovement in this scene quot399quot Li H I In the Middle Ages God used a compass to create the world in artworks left a scholarly activity he appeared rigid Mich portrayed the scene with great activity I Charibs are holding up God shows how heavy he is I As soon as they touch hands Adam s spirit will be given by God Mich shows the moment before The Last J quotaugment from The Sistine Chapel Michellngjeln O The Last Judgement from The Sistine Chapel by Michelangelo altar painted 20 years after the ceiling Commissioned by Pope Paul 111 Mich has a crisis in faith bc O The Reformation Martin Luther was fed up with the corrupt practices in the Catholic church indulgences reducing punishment of sins He writes a manifesto The 95 Theses which led to the birth of the Protestant church There were two churches crisis for Mich O Christ in the center with his mother Mary was a martyr skinned alive He s holding a knife and his skin The skin is a selfportrait of Mich shows how literally and metaphorically he was de ated 0 Man being pulled down to Hell Great expression of horror o Bizarrelooking demons Leader demon with a snake biting his genitals Raphael Most successful High Renaissance artist Finished paintings on time used his studio assistants ef ciently patrons loved him 0 Died at 37 from a sudden illness from a night with his girlfriend O The Stanza della Segnatura by Raphael commissioned by Pope Julius II originally nt scenes one is The School of Athens 7 r the pope s library Differe if 7 N 7 L Aquot la 7 r V W A r gt V 7E 1 fa m 1 O The School of Athens by Raphael represents philosophy High Renaissance style The School of Athens was a philosophy school o Each holding their own writings Hands gestures represent their philosophical Views left is an image of Leonardo Raph had respect for him lg 39 39F Prquotlt o ancient mathematician Image of Michelangelo loner deep in thought to himself O Raph included himself in the painting interlocutor Wants to prove that we artists are just as good as the philosophers O Raph painted many great Madonna and Child paintings They were set in more natural country settings The Sistine Marianna R h rel O The Sistine Madonna by Raphael the assumption of the Virgin the death of Mary hv O Charibs faces shown in the clouds A very famous image Madaaaa f aha Maai awa Raphael a 7quot iiim 0 Madonna 0f the Meadows by Raphael her clothes red Earth blue the Heavens 0 Use of pyramidal composition 7 Ll n 7 7 ft wv O Christ playing with his cousin 0 Atmospheric Perspective 0 Superthin halos in order to not take attention away from the composition
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