Notes of Readings
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Navanita Saha on Saturday September 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 100 at a university taught by Goldstein in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 81 views.
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Date Created: 09/26/15
Anthro 1st Readings 1Ethnography and Culture 0 Most Americans associate science with detached observation Ethnography is the work of discovering and describing a particular culture 0 To understand from the native s point of view 0 To learn from the people 0 Implies a theory of culture Anthro 1st Readings Culture is the learned shared knowledge that people use to generate behavior and interpret experience Discovering the insider s View is a different species of knowledge from one that rests mainly on the outsider s View Naive realism the almost universal belief that all people de ne the real world of objects events and living creatures in pretty much the same way 0 Na39ive realist assumes that things have the same meaning to all human beings Ethnography concerns with the meaning of actions and events to the people we seek to understand Culture When ethnographers study other cultures they must deal with three fundamental aspects of human experience 0 Cultural behavior what people do 0 Cultural knowledge what people know 0 Cultural artifacts things people make and use Cultural knowledge exists at 2 levels of consciousness o Explicit culture makes up part of what we know a level of knowledge people can communicate about with relative ease o Tacit culture outside our awareness Symbolic interactionism theory that seeks to explain human behavior in terms of meanings 0 1st premise human beings act toward things on the basis of the meanings the things have for them 0 2Ml premise meaning of such things is derived from the social interactions that one ahs with one s fellows o 3quot I premise meanings are handled in and modi ed through an interpretive process used by the person dealing with things he encounters 31Body Ritual among the Nacirema Nacirema a North American group of people Takes place in the 1950 s Anthro 1st Readings The Nacirema culture is characterized by a highly developed market economy which has evolved in a rich natural habitat Belief that the human belief is ugly and that its natural tendency is to debility and disease Rapport to draw a connection or relation with something They have a boxchest attached onto the wall which includes magical potions and charms that help treat illnessaka bathroom cabinet Medicine men must be given gifts for assistance Ablutioncleansing of water Shrine room bathroom Holymouthmen who treat the mouth and x teeth aka dentist These people are obsess mouths Most of the population shows masochistic tendencies joy of causing pain to others Medicine men have temples or latp50 aka hospitals to treat the very sick patients Women quotbake their headsquot getting their hair styled Bathing and excretory acts are performed only in secrecy of household shrines lt s unnatural to be naked around someone in the society quotlisteners are like psychologists who listen to people s problems sexual activities are taboo topics and scheduled as an act quotMagical materialsquot prevent pregnant So basically this weird society is AMERICAand of the lunatics xP
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