September 22-24 101.0
Popular in Western Civilization I
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by josiepelham on Saturday September 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 101.0 at University of Alabama at Birmingham taught by Staci S Glover (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Western Civilization I in History at University of Alabama at Birmingham.
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Date Created: 09/26/15
Sept2224 0 New Directions for the Greek citystates 750 500 BC 0 Democracy in the city state of Athens 0 The development of Athenian Democracy Where US got the idea of democracy They had direct democracy we have representative democracy Freeborn male citizens could serve Had elect archons magistrates 9 ran judicial system There was inequality in the judicial system Strong middle class Oligarchy ruled by select group people who owned land at aristocracy Class conflict 0 Draco s Tyranny and Solon s Democratic reform Seized power Was known as the quotcommon man Developed assembly all free born males help decide community s affairs Appointed to revise laws his were said to be strict and harsh made laws public no crime of ignorance failed to improve conditions War hero series of reforms 1 ends sale of citizens into debt slavery 2 establishes new coinage symbol of power 3 cultural and architectural development Hipparchus murdered Hippias exiled equality power to citizens 4 privatizes property 5 uniform system of weights and measures 6 legalizes prostitution 7 makes idleness laziness a crime if you can work you will must be working 0 Peisistratus s Tyranny and Cleisthenes quotFather of Athenian Democracy 508 BC expands democratic reforms persuasion over force demes small political units 0 Athenian Democracy 0 All adult males are members of the assembly must be born in Athens 0 Ostracism introduced to rid city of poor leaders 0 Equality before law and freedom of speech Ekklesea Assembly open to all citizens 6000 people any member can propose legislation meets 40 times a year votes on decrees and treaties ostracism enforced Boule Council of 500 carries on routine affairs of government chosen by lot randomly chosen must be 30 limited to 2 year terms submit important questions to assembly divided into ten 50 person groups represented 10 tribes rotating chief of tribe Judiciary justice is swift people serve one year ofjury duty brought cases before whole jury case done in one day speaking time metered by water clock 0 3 principles Every citizen could take part Each citizen could theoretically hold office Initially no professional beurocrats 0 New ways of thought and expression in Greece 630500 BCE o Archaic art and literature Poets mock military ridicule enemies 0 Greek Philosophy and science Ionians pros writers closer to eastern ideals thought and study describe how the world works encouraged use of logic and reasons to justify beliefs 0 Wars between Persia and Greece 499479 BCE 0 From the Ionian revolt to the Battle of Marathon Ionian citystate and Athenian citystate supported revolt against Persia Darius s attack on Athens and Athenian victory at Marathon 490 BCE 0 Athens never informed Darius they disagreed with his terms 0 20000 Athenians defeat 100000 Persians Themistocles and the strengthening of Athens 0 Silver discovery in 499 o Themistocles embarks on an arms buildingjourney 0 Great Persian Invasion Xerxes I and invasion Hellenic league Athens and Sparta 31 citystates at Thermopylae Small Greek army fights Persians to the death moral victory Greek victories and Persian retreat o Athenian Confidence in the Golden Age 478431 BCE 0 Establishment of the Athenian Empire Delian League and Athenian Empire 0 O 0 Athens and Sparta form separate alliances after victory Have the quotI can pick on my family but you better not mess with them mentality Spartans Peloponnesian League Sparta s allies Delian League Athens onians Greeks 300 citystates Athenian Naval Power 0 0 000 O Athenian Navy dominates Membering citystates pay dues based on their wealth to help fund Athenian Navy Spartans smaller but still powerful Athens grows rich from money coming in Officers use spoils to increase their political goals Morphing into Athenian Empire 0 Radical Democracy and Pericles Leadership 461431 BCE Creating radical democracy direct participation Ostracism and majority rule Pericles leadership and redefinition of citizenship Conflict with Sparta 4505445 0 Jurors selected at random and paid term limits 2 years shared power Citizens allowed to exile for 10 years bad rulers said oligarchy was more superior to democracy Focuses on equality payment of officials reform courts citizen both parents had to be born in Athens gives women a boost Peloponnesian War Athenian imperialism Athens pushing boarders and Sparta pushing back Sparta invades Atika plague in Athens in 430 Pericles dies Athens goes down loses navy foreign possessions and forced into alliance with Sparta Sparta sets up 1 year dictatorship 371 Thebes defeats Spartans ends Spartan domination 0 Innovative Ideas in Education Philosophy History and Medicine Education man s world women are not formally educated sons are tutored at home in reading music athletics Women learn household chores Poor no education young men are mentored turns into sexual relationships not frowned upon Sophists and Philosophers threat to tradition o Sophists quotwise men taught rhetoric persuasive speech charged for their teaching compete appeal to ambition truth is relative quotanything goes agnostic o Philosophers father of philosophy Thales all things can be reduced to 1 finite particle Socrates o Stonemason rejects sophism justice and ethics disdains materialism Shrewish wife Loyal service in war Mother was a midwife quotHis mother delivered men into the world while Socrates delivered men s minds into the world Known as the wisest man in Athens quotAn unexamined mind is not worth living Convicted of corrupting the youth because he taught them to think for themselves 0 Described as the quotbest wisest and most noble o Chose death by poison rather than exile hemlock 0 quotKnowledge is intuitive and revealed by learning 0 quotKnow thyself Selfexamination Plato 0 Student of Socrates 0 Born aristocrat o Founded the academy I 1st university I Purpose is thinking deeper Wrote dialogues of Socrates The Republic I Plato s ideal society I Rule by philosophers I Allegory of the cave I Not democracy I Theory of the Metals society is governed by philosopher kings and queens 0 Gold Kings and queens 0 Silver warriors 0 Bronze everyone else I Absolute values goodness equality beauty love 0 Aristotle OOOOOOO Man is goal seeking Son of a physician From Macedonia Attended the Academy Plato s foremost student Left when Plato died Founded Ly Scientific Method I Observations confirm assumptions I Did not employ experimentation
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