Lessons 1-2 (The Neolithic Revolution & Polis and Athenian Democracy
Lessons 1-2 (The Neolithic Revolution & Polis and Athenian Democracy Hist 150
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Hamke on Saturday September 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Hall in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 153 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 09/26/15
Lesson 1 The Neolithic Revolution and the Rise of Civilization 0 Hunte rgatherer paths across many different territories o Historians look at I Weapons I Diet I Gender roles Gender Division 0 Women 0 Gathered roots and berries o Took care of children 0 23 of diet obtained by women 0 Hunted sporadically 0 13 of overall diet Both had few private possessions Political Structure 0 everyone is equal 0 Women worked more than men 0 Many people in the tribe Men and Women worked roughly 1520h rs per week Why did huntergathere rs settle 0 Climate changes 0 Changes in recourses 0 Changes in dietary patterns 0 Agriculture and domestication became more reliable 0 Less territory as population grows9 more crowded 0 Groups begin to settle down o Domestication of plants and animals 0 Development of technologies 0 Settle down Neolithic Revolution in southwest Asia Mesopotamia between Tigris and Euphrates Rivers 0 Produced highest number of domesticated plants and animals 0 in plants and animals 0 Mutual relationships between animals and humans Domestication of plants o VVheat o Badey o Chickpeas o Lentils from plants to increase productivity 0 due to domestication o ta king seeds from best plants to create better plants Domestication of Animals 0 Dogs 0 Sheep amp Goats o Pigs Cattle quot9 0 Cats 0 Horses As domestication increases sizes of animals increase 0 Breed animals with most agreeable personality traits Domestication best for social animals excludes cats due to rat population dud to storage of foods Neolithic Villages o Near sources Small Distinctive structures one of the first cities 0 First city of human history Lesson 2 The Polis and Athenian Democracy 0 Jerichofirst city in human history 7500 BC 0 Walled city 0 Farming and lending 0 Permanent and settled 0 Develop new technologies 0 1654018509 industrial revolution led to a dramatic surge in population 0 With rise of civilization came the rise of organized war 0 People brought in animals to their homes and this along with tight spaces there is a link between the rise of civilization and infectious diseases 0 Cowpox mutated into small pox 0 Domestic animals transferred to human diseases Athenian Democracy o Romans Republic o Greeks Democracy Byzantine 9 Constantinople Istanbul Athens 0 Largest Greek citystate 0 First working democracy 0 Democracy emerged gradually o Monarchy Oligarchy Democracy 0 Oligarchy ruled by few powerful individuals 0 Many people were small farmers 0 Very difficult farming conditions 0 Lots of draught 0 Bad soil Small farmers had to leave fa rm to participate in politics in town City made for pedestrians many citizens walked Athens home of the Parthenon located at the highest part of the city in the Acropolis Rocky hillside where political assembly would meet Institutions of Athenian Democracy 1 Most important a All citizens of the citystate i Unless you were not native to the citystate about per year c Would post agenda 4 days in advance in public place d Started in morning and finished in midafternoon People 0 Chairman 0 Herald 0 General Speaking well known politicians would typically speak 9Example Well known politician and public speaker o Voted by raise of hands all of the people would vote directly no representatives o Organized Assembly set up agenda 0 Oversaw implementation of what was voted on w 0 Over 30 years old 0 Could serve only twice
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