History of Architecture 2- Week 4 of notes
History of Architecture 2- Week 4 of notes ARCH - 20112 - 001
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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kayla Schmidt on Saturday September 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARCH - 20112 - 001 at Kent State University taught by Elwin C. Robison (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE II in Architecture at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 09/26/15
Kayla Schmidt History of Architecture 2 92215 Notes St Pierre Beauvais 12251573 0 Building collapsed then rebuiltlarge nave and the reason why the building collapsed o Nave 163 x 45 now 158 high 0 Low sloped roof 0 Flat sheets of lead for the roof instead of stone 0 Water proofing barrier o Triformium no shed roof 0 Trying to bring light into the interior 0 Stained glass 0 Radiating chapel down below 0 Tall clerestory windows 0 Everything but a buttresses is glass 0 Flyers come off the building 0 Buttresses that support flyers are very stiff In one direction 0 Used iron ties used to support it 0 Interior 0 Not really invested in stain glass due to the collapse of the building 0 Only stain glass on the below floors 0 Vaulting I Sexpartite vaulting I Added in extra piers 0 Completed the tower over the crossing I Only survived a couple of years 0 Ambulatory swinging around the apse o Feels like Canopy overhead 0 Initial studies to why it collapsed 0 Foundation problems 0 Height of nave Kayla Schmidt Central European Gothic St Stephen Vienna 13001500 0 Freestandingtower o Slate roof I Tall I Polychroming o No flying buttresses o Facade developed throughout the years 0 Hall Church I Nave and aisles and vaulting are nearly at the same height I Windows on the side of the building I Nave may be slightly taller in height I Light penetrating horizontally I Master masons 0 Explore different shapes of ribs 0 Exploring different patterns 0 No longer a constructional device 0 Used as decor purposes S Vitus Prague 13521420 0 Matthias Arras and Peter Parler Took what the learned in France and applied it Parametrical roof over the chapel o Glazed triformium inside Shorter in height Clerestory above Vaulting o Diagonal ribs 0 Transverse ribs 0 Secondary ribs 0 Not a specific type of ribs because they are exploring new techniques I To make the interior more beautiful Nave o quotfloating canopy overhead feels weightless Vladislav Hall 14921502 Kayla Schmidt 0 Vinevaulting o Remarkable interior Italian Gothic 0 Clicker quiz The cathedral of Milan follows closely the design of 0 Answer Bourges Cathedral of Milan 13851485 fN y I p 39 139 I 4 1 L I f I 39 39I r 1 13quot 7 11 A ares3 l mis t l 50 Q o O 0 v quotrlrf i I I 3 r 39 39 quot 1 WW quotj H a I l g T Il lquoti x 39 quotquoti w39 quot quot quot a 5 qquot l n 2 1 1 m Q I In mi L 7 If Pf h t I My 11 l c 1 5 4 V m l u v It i Al39almllllmt x A 1L J v l quot gi lllllll lh i 1 r w Murineu cg a lbumm m d i 39n l m 1i 3 x 7 m1 It 3913 u 39Hac uLMuum Ni I mmmlmu lam V W l sal l iml 59 N y I ti v I 39 a l i l E 4 r it 39 f 39 I A 1 l g 39 Yin l 39 f 1 n 23 a 1m 0 Opus quatratium vs opus Triangulum 0 Flat paving stones used for shingles o Gravel on top of roof 0 triangle shape 0 whole number I for the diagonal horizontal and vertical axis 0 6 basic unit 0 quotWedding cake 0 Flying buttresses 0 Had spires Kayla Schmidt 0 Looked like icing o 300 statues o Foggy weather Siena Cathedral 12261380 ziixl lllll 0 Large buildingcouldn t complete it 0 French masons 0 Pier is bent o Flexibility in mortar and stone 0 Imbalance in forces can create problems 0 Ornamental details 0 French ideas captured 0 Classical ruins 0 Strong pediment structure 0 Mosaic 0 Interior 0 No triformium 0 Small clerestory o Painted vaulted o Renaissance chapels The sketchbook of Villard de Honnecourt Miami m gt25 innuummmL1r RN 1 mmyuaamm r f lf fr meoiwnthjf v i v l G 5 5MM39HU39L f A l to ghting 1 415 7 I 39 1 14 e x 2 m x luau1 nwly I 2mm mi u I hm amp V I I P m rm 1 5 r 7 m3 39 5 w 39 s 39gkmhu quot31 Mawewgamawamkwww Kayla Schmidt 0 Master mason 0 Job safety Architect Engineer Fundraiser Be an apprentice of a building master Create your own sketchbook Copy over master sketches 122550 OOOOOOO 92415 For the sketchbook TuesdayA Plan and ElevationNotes Hand Lettered English Gothic 0 Salisbury Cathedral 122065 0 Lincoln Cathedral 11201320 0 Ely Cathedral 11981215 0 King s College Chapel 14461515 Salisbury Cathedral 122065 0 New construction 0 Difference between French gothic and English gothic 0 Englishapse is squared off 0 English two transept o English few flying buttresses not many 0 English at the crossing there is a tower I Frenchflysch at crossing o Englishnotjammed in a city city built around cathedral o Billboard facadequotjust stuck on and doesn t relate to form 0 Shed rooftriformium behind it o Clerestory o Monastery o Cloistercourt yard Kayla Schmidt quotA covered walk in a convent monastery college or cathedral typically with a wall on one side and a colonnade open to a quadrangle on the other Heart of the Monastery 0 South side of the Cathedral 0 Sun comes from the South 0 Covered porch surrounding the cloister 0 Interior 0 Differences between French gothic and English gothic Interiors Englishtwo different stonepolychroming o Purbeck marble o quotPurbeck Marble is a fossiliferous limestone found in the Isle of Purbeck a peninsula in southeast Dorset England It is a variety of Purbeck stone that has been quarried since at least Roman times as a decorative building stone but this industry is no longer active 0 Technically a limestone FrenchContinuous vertical up into the clerestory o Draws your eye to the heavens EnglishContinuous horizontal molding o Draws your eye to the alter Englishmost cases no radiating chapels or ambulatory no pilgrimage in this region Englishno chevet Top row of stone of the foundation 1 meter Chalk was close to soil level Compound pier o Seems less massive o No chevet 0 Instead of chevetLady Chapel Virgin Mary 1 story extension off of the far east end 0 Private and intimate Stain glass 20th century stain glass modern 0 Dedicated to air force post WW2 400 Wind blows Close to the ocean Spire 0 Steel anchored bridged center axis 0 Stellar Vaulting Starlike vaulting Bend in the pier Kayla Schmidt I Creep 0 High stress causing deflection I MDRTIEE a ND TENEN I Put roman numerals on truss pieces 0 Prefabricated the structure I Thin mortared layer I Chapter houses common I Clicker quiz 0 Question the English Gothic differs from French Gothic by 0 Answer Horizontally vs Vertically Lincoln Cathedral 11201320 139 ifgJ l 39 yd it CLOISTER Norm 50 100 LAs QF39KC I 2 2 c u 0 m 2 13 A 4 o o o r m famp c l S V f c H o I R PRESBYFLnY E c o g c 4 quot i id JSNVML M1009 O O C CWYNH 111mm 9 l 14u1 Unxw114y Kayla Schmidt 0 More typical construction 0 Different styles in a 100 year span of construction 0 More Complex 0 Nave ArcadeTriformiumGallery o Asymmetrical Vaulting 0 Known as quotCrazy Vaulting o 2 centers 0 Ridge Rib down the center Ely Cathedral 11981215 20 9039 BC Mi EU w m 30 20 If U SCALE IElF FEH 0 Not good soil conditions 0 Originally Romanesque 0 quotCastle like forms 0 Timber barrel vault11O weight of masonry vault 0 Didn t vault the nave Kayla Schmidt 0 Quire was located behind the crossing 0 Central tower at the crossing collapsed o Stellar vaulting 0 Tribune gallery Romanesque o Romanesque early nave 0 Oak timber covered with lead sheet 0 Timber was prone to insect damage 0 Lady chapel was located off to the side 0 Shorter than most lady chapels o Stellar vaulting o 1620 Cromwell deposed monarchy and destroyed statues decorations or pediments relating to monarchy Kings College Chapel 14461515 J 39 it i 39 39 1 l x z i j i39 ll All wgu 4 r 0quot 4 39 l nu z k 7 l 39 b r y s u N 7 A 39 3 D 1 M 2 J I43 3 f 4 I i u 39 1 w i quot quot I l39lquot quot39v39 quotifquot 39 k 4 0 394 u I l v a n I I a O I 39IA 393 Lo39 39 39 u 39339 Kr quot 39 4 39 I 7 n a l o 39 i II i 1L t3 T39 5 7 quot I 39 3quot 3Q r 4quot quot39 N If quotfc clquot 391 3917 39539quot 5quot I39M 1quot39 quotJquot 39 39 739 139 d39 u u C r 3 239 Ow Ef oi Mquot 39539 fez 01 39 39I 39 39quot r 1 5 39 I 39 39I 39 N L 239 r 3 CAMBRIDGE 200 years behind Italy College separated by social class 32 colleges in Oxford Deep buttressesflyers were not needed Stain glass Fan vaulting precision Root screen Stain glass v v 39 39 a I 7 39039 n nflt l E 9 c 393 1 i xi I 39 I 39gT W 3 39quotv 3i 339 14x My 4 9quot X It v39l39u f 1 1quotquot quota u quot I In I 39 39 It 539 quot If q 9 a I 39 n 4 w 4 1394 52 59539 39 x gt 51 1 r quott 39 3 39u39 03 u oTji q I Kayla Schmidt 1quot 390 I ifs 39 4253 ray 5 39 2 uxPW quot9amp2 at x w w Liv v l W 39 39 I 39 O I 39 l o I 395 039 Pt II 1 l n 3 t OJ 039 Ya K Illru r r I l I IIIquot39 we 39quot 39l39t39 1393 quot1 5 I KINGS COLLEGE CHAPEL