MU 2313 Ch 7
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marissa on Saturday September 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 2313 at Texas State University taught by Thomas Wood in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Fine Arts in Music at Texas State University.
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Date Created: 09/26/15
MU 2313 Ch 7 The Early Middle Ages Medieval Period a 476 Fall of the Roman Period b Dark Ages 550750 i Europe controlled by roaming tribes Gauls Franks Visgoths c Carolingian amp Ottonian 7501000 d Romanesque 10001150 e High Gothic 11501400 f Late Gothic 14001500 i Overlaps with Renaissance The Medieval Church a The Devil i Symbolic ritualistic appearance ii Figures prominently in medieval theology iii Frequently represented in both art and ritual b Relief sculpture i At the feet of Christ is a snakereptilelike creature ii Sometimes devil depicted as a dragon c Mosaic i Image of Christ a cross is hung over his shoulder ii Standing on the head of a snake the devil d Resurrection i By overcoming death he overcame the devil and sin ii Victory of Christ over Satan e Pope Gregory i The church divided the wealth of the deceased ii Pope Gregory managed his duty well iii St Augustine s conversion of the English 1 Europe controlled by Romans were pagans 2 He established the Roman Catholic Church in England iv Book of Pastoral Care 1 Described how bishops should interact with their congregators v Apocalyptic outlook 1 Set the medieval mindset that quotthe end is nigh 2 Christ will come back mayhem and apocalypse is imminent 3 Don t think about the present focus on the afterlife f Monasticism i Root word monastery ii Monasteries where monks would go to meditate and read sacred texts g Mysticism i View disciples with personality characteristics make them relatable ii Virgin Mary becomes sacred on the same level as Christ h Ascetism i Life of selfdiscipline and austerity ii Practiced by monks and nuns in monasteries 1 Prayers copy the sacred texts all in service to the afterlife Charlemagne s Empire Unites Western Europe modernday France Italy Germany Austria Divided amongst his 3 grandsons after his death Was over 6 feet tall uncommon at the time Imposing a warrior womanizer drunk gutton Created a central governing power Had an interest in the arts philosophy Feudalism a Hierarchy i Kings and Queens ii Lords and Ladies iii Knights iv Peasants and Serfs 1 Number of peasantsserfs in the thousands 2 Serf slave labor serve knights and lords did agriculture work by hand b Exchange of goods and services amongst the different feuds i King gives Lords peasants Lords provide King with military aid and loyalty ii Lords give Knights shelter protection and food Knights provide military service and homage to Lord iii Knights give Peasants food shelter and protection Peasants farm the land and pay rent to Knights 1 Many peasants don t own land so they would farm the land of knights and keep some of what they raised mapcrgn Art a St Mark and St Luke Gospel Book of Godescale 781783 CE i Twodimensional art from religious texts ii Monks created the illustrations to go with the texts so that the illiterate could understand the content iii No depth iv Animals symbolize the apostles the animals don t appear in the background no foreshortening v Slightly elongated body Byzantine influence b Christ figure Gospel Book of Godescale 7813 CE i Flat no depth ii Not sophisticated in the presentation of the folds of fabric c Dagulf Psalter 78395 CE i Songbook decorated with relief sculpture Roman influence ii Characters seem crowded d The Mission of the Apostles Tympanum 112032 CE i Christ commanding the apostles to go spread his message after he is resurrected ii Appeared on a church iii Many texts were written in Latin so artists communicated the gospels through sculpture e Gero Crucifix 96976 CE i Emotional communicates anguish ii Body doesn t hang perfectly sagging weight f St Sernin Toulouse France c 10801120 i Sculptures appear in cathedrals ii Romanesque 1 PostRoman before Gothic Age iii Massive stone use of arches to support weight little light iv Built in the form of a cross VI VII VIII Music of the Roman Catholic Church a Pope Gregory amp Chant i Gregorian chant first lines appear 500 CE a way of singing the text of the mass b Mass Ordinary vs Proper i Ordinary performed regularly ii Proper performed on church holidays iii Many composers wrote for ordinary used throughout year would be heard many times c Ordinary i Kyrie Lord have mercy 1 Shortest text only part not written in Latin its written in Greek ii Gloria Glory be to God on high iii Credo I believe in one God 1 Apostles creed iv Sanctus holy holy holy v Agnus Dei 0 Lamb of God that takest away the sins of the world d No harmony monophonic male voices sung by priests Gregorian Chant a Monophonic b Melismatic use more than one note per syllable i Examples Amazing Grace national anthem c Sacred music ie written for the mass written for worship Polyphony Organum a Melodic lines added to the original line of chant b Second melodic line changes the texture c Organum led to polyphony i Polyphony becomes dominant for the next several hundred years Guido d Arezzo a Led a group of priests in learning Gregorian chant b Used a method called the Guidonian hand i Indicated the note by pointing to a part of his hand the notes were represented by the different sections of his fingers c Early music notation uses only four lines Secular Music a Troubadours b Minstrels i Musical entertainment also brought new of Western Europe throughout their travels c Strophic i With verses tells a story d Instruments i Viellefiedelviolfiddle 1 Precursor to violin ii Lute 1 Looks like a guitar but higher pitched iii Flute iv Shawm 1 Precursor to bassoon v Trumpets vi Horns vii Drums viii Bagpipes e Mostly improvised not written out
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