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Week 3 Notes

by: Anne Amundson

Week 3 Notes RUSS 0090: Russian Fairy Tales with Dr. Crane

Anne Amundson
Russian Fairy Tales
Dr. Robert Chip Crane, Ekaterina Turta

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About this Document

Includes 9/14 Lecture: Max Luthi, Fairy Tale form and funtion and 9/16 Lecture: Folk Culture and Jakobson and Bogatyrev, Ostrovsky and The Snow Maiden Enjoy!
Russian Fairy Tales
Dr. Robert Chip Crane, Ekaterina Turta
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anne Amundson on Saturday September 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to RUSS 0090: Russian Fairy Tales with Dr. Crane at University of Pittsburgh taught by Dr. Robert Chip Crane, Ekaterina Turta in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 64 views. For similar materials see Russian Fairy Tales in Russian at University of Pittsburgh.

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Date Created: 09/26/15
Russian Fairy Tales Week 3 Anne Amundson 914 Lecture Max Luthi and Fairy Tale Form and Function Readings Luthi s quotThe European Folkquot Courseweb AA pp 2622268 1 De ning folklore a Folk common people and lore body of knowledge the body of knowledge held by the common people b lnformally or unof cially learned knowledge c Tells us about our world our history and our traditions d Typically expressed creatively through words art dance etc e The act of passing it on is vital f Not necessarily false primitive or superstitious May be based in historical events people etc g Examples from around Pittsburgh i Pronounciation of Carnegie ii The origin of Primanti Bros sandwiches iii The immaculate reception h It can disappear from the culture 2 Catgories of folk culture a Material food costuming b Customary dance c Verbal stories 3 Folklore vs Folktale vs Fairy Tale a Folklore is the body of knowledge i Leshii domovoi etc ii May be belief but may be truth b Folktale tells how unexplainable things happen i Usually known to be ctional nobody thought that Baba Yaga was a real person c Fairy Tales feature magic and adventure i Can be a form of folktale but not all folktales are fairy tales ii Can also be literary and not folktale 4 Many different approaches to looking at fairy tales a Including folkloristic structural literary psychoanalytic feminist Marxist and many many more 5 Max Luthi a Professor of folk literature b Focused on the value of repetition over originality c Identi ed three structures of folktales that result from the repetitiveness of oral tradition i Onedimensionality ii Depthlessnesssurfaceness Russian Fairy Tales Week 3 Anne Amundson iii Abstract style 6 OneDimensionality a b Reality and the supernatural world exist in the same dimension It is normal for characters to encounter the supernatural world Most commonly seen in anthropomorphic animals and how characters are not surprised when an animal starts talking otherness is shown by geographic distance i things that are far away are more foreign than the supernatural 7 Depthlessness a No psychological depth to characters or the plot i No stable relationships ii Once a character or object has ful lled its often singular purpose it disappears from the story iii Thingspeoplerelationships exist only when necessary iv Characters never grow or change emotionally v Choices are never contemplated or difficult vi Injuryviolence are not gory or even permanent 8 Abstract Style goom 3 207m Relates more to the way in which a story is told Helps produce the depthlessness Only things essential to the plot are mentioned Characters are only ever associated with one single adjective ex Vasilisa the Brave etc Only simple substances and colors are discussed Narratives are super sequential Formulaic numbers 12 and multiples of 3 are the most popular Extremely plot driven there is never any depth to the characters Russian Fairy Tales Week 3 Anne Amundson 916 Folk Culture and Jakobson and Bogatyrev Ostrovsky and The Snow Maiden Readings Bogatyrev and Jakobson quotFolklore as a Special Form Courseweb Ostrovsky s quotThe Snow Maidenquot Courseweb 1 Folk Culture vs high culture vs popular culture a Folk culture i The culture of the common people ii Created by commoners for commoners iii Reasonably simple easily accessible no matter status class or education level b High culture C More commonly studied today classical music great literature etc ii By elite artists for elite audiences iii Something extraordinary sets the works apart iv Typically requires some amount of education to appreciate and fully understand the work Popular culture i Arose in the 19th century ii Created by elite artists for the masses iii Little nuance easy for large numbers of people to understand 2 quotFolklore as a Special Form of Creativityquot a b c d e written by Peter Bogatyrev 18931971 and Roman Jakobson 18961982 published 1979 theorized that the study of folklore requires many different ways of thinking about it the authorship of folklore is irrelevant i some tellers are famous ii the performer and their version and location may be recorded for historical context folklore is legitimized by the community accepting repeating and revising it 3 the individual and the community goom the individual creates or revises the community accepts or rejects what they want what the community does not accept dies with the author the opposite of literary works which are kept after the author dies because they have been written down 4 Oral literature Russian Fairy Tales Week 3 Anne Amundson a Performance and composition are the same thing i Recomposed and revised every time it s told ii Is a different story with each teller b Characterized by variation i Every tellers version is different there is no single standard version ii Variations can become engrained in the story or the area c Stylistic elements repetition etc helps in memorization of stories 5 Concrete and abstract a quotNai39ve Realismquot i only the concrete speech of an individual speci c tellings etc are real while the study of abstraction is only ction ii concept was rejected by Bogatyrev and Jakobson b they argued that the abstract was important to folklore 6 Appropriation a Literature and folklore are intricately connected i Pushkin s Rusalka is a quothigh culturequot version of the folk art b Also happens in lm Disney music Night on Bald Mountain and stage works The Firebird ballet 7 The Snow Maiden a Folktale recorded by Afanas ev folk culture b Adapted into play by Ostrovsky in 1873 high culture c Adapted into opera by RimskyKorsakov in 1882 high culture d Adapted into cartoon by Soviet lvan lvanovVano in 1952 popular culture In 917 we just reviewed concepts from the lectures and didn39t explore any new concepts or details not already listed in the above notes Readings AA pp 439447 612625 553562


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