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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brooke McGloon on Saturday September 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POSC 225 at James Madison University taught by Jennifer Byrne in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see U.S Government in Statistics at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 09/26/15
POSC 225 Chapter 1 Why we need government 0 Governments The formal vehicle through which policies are made and affairs of state are conducted Actions are binding on its citizens 0 Politics Who gets what when and how The allocation of resources Actions are binding on its citizens Politics is the job of government The functions of government Establishing Justice system of laws Ensuring Domestic Tranquility Providing for the Common Defense Promoting the General Welfare public goods Securing the Blessings of Liberty Types of Government 0 Monarchy Power vested in hereditary kings and queens with divine rights 0 Totalitarianism Political system in which government controls the economy no individual liberties tyranny o Oligarchy Form of government in which the right to participate is conditioned on the possession of wealth social status military position or achievement 0 Democracy System of government that gives power to the people whether directly or through elected representatives Two types of Democracy 0 Direct democracy Members of the political community meet to discuss all policy decisions and then agree to abide by majority rule 0 Indirect democracy representative Gives citizens the opportunity to vote for representatives who will work on their behalf Republic Rooted in the consent of the governed representative or indirect democracy Often used interchangeably with democracy American Government American political culture emphasizes Personal Liberty freedom from govt interference Equality in the political sense one person one vote Majority Rule what is best for the most people Popular Sovereignty authority rests with the people Accountability Responsiveness Corruption Factors that guard against corruption Small population Small size of government homogeneity weleducated highly involved citizens more transparency
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