9/2: A History of Relevant Scientists
9/2: A History of Relevant Scientists GEO 302D
Popular in Age of Dinosaurs
Popular in Geology
This 4 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by an elite notetaker on Monday September 22, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to GEO 302D at University of Texas at Austin taught by Timothy Rowe in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 135 views. For similar materials see Age of Dinosaurs in Geology at University of Texas at Austin.
Reviews for 9/2: A History of Relevant Scientists
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 09/22/14
92 A History of Relevant Scientists o logistical things 0 O O labs start this week bring a ash drive to lab quotWhere do I nd the syllabus onlinequot wwwgeouteXaseducourses3 02D the lecture schedule is also there there are notes for all the lectures there are links in the lecture notes o keep focused on the question quotWhat happened to the dinosaursquot O 0 know the names that you hear over and over know the names that are most relevant to that question o discovery of time discovery of nature 0 O EMCquot2 it39s like a calendar leam it we can account for about 14 billion years started with the Greeks Aristotle 3 84322 BC he realized that fossils were once alive talked about quotdeep timequot not quotpaleontologyquot ALL of Aristotle39s original manuscripts are gone it was a scribal societypeople would travel around and manually copy manuscripts in libraries had many students the 1100s the crusaders bring stuff back the first universities start up this is the beginning of science rational thinking is growing and con icting with the church scientists were killed for having common sense Leonardo da Vinci 14521519 bom around the time that the printing press was beginnings of the revival of the freedom of knowledge knew high members of the church and the aristocracy he wrote backwards he would hand people his manuscripts with a mirror he was a bastard bom out of wedlock so he wasn39t allowed to go to university so he went to hospitals escaped the inquisition by working for the king of France he really understood the nature of fossils and of the physics of water these are entirely connected so you could gure out geological history by his writings but he never published O O 0 Andrea Vesalius Bruxellius 15141565 had Leonardo da Vinci39s writings published his own stuff was da Vinci39s protege church vs science still Nicholas Copernicus 14731543 his life demonstrates the state of his era born in Poland traveled south to Rome was basically a lawyer interested in astronomy history was marked by celestial positions universities hired mathematicians to watch the stars so they would know when to honor saints and stuff nobody was able to predict anything accurately when the Earth was the center of the universe Copemicus was one of many who gured out the heliocentric model he drew it and accurately predicted tide planetary alignments eclipses etc finally gave a rational explanation for a year he gave a few lectures on this then freaked out and moved away wrote everything down didn39t publish it friends in powerful places realized that he was right finally late in life published one dedicated it to the pope died as it was made published quotPlanetquot means quotwandererquot because the planets didn39t conform to the pattems of the stars his grave was anonymous but we gured it out now it39s black granite and has a gold heliocentric model on it how precious martyrs of natural science a lot Roger Bacon calculated size of earth made eyeglasses imprisoned Pietro d39Abano argued that earth was a sphere died in prison Cecco d39Ascoli mathematician who taught heliocentric model to commoners bumed at the stake Nicholas Copemicus covered above Michael Servetus geographer bumed at the stake Giordano Bruno taught Copernican theory bumed at the stake Lucilio Vanini biology made quotscale of beingsquot tongue tom out bumed at the stake Marco Antonio de Dominis theory of tides optical theory of rainbow bumed at the stake Galileo Galilei famous musician Copernican teaching harassed and imprisoned the fact that he wasn39t killed marks progress 0 James Ussher 15811656 bishop used historical accounts in bible to try to account for age of the Earth and came up with 4000 BC this is where we get that number but it wasn39t originally there 0 Nicolaus Steno 16381686 died a miserable death an indirect student of Galileo established basis of comparative anatomy with fossils vs living creatures basic foundations of geology called quotfather of geologyquot published figured out horizontal timeline of the Earth 0 Isaac Newton 16421726 founder of modem physics knew Earth was spherical knew its size knew about planetary motion had superb telescopes was religious noticed errors in Copemican calculations realized that planetary orbits are not perfectly spherical figured out about gravity went from a hypothesis to a theory measured how fast things fell etc this is what made air and space travel possible 0 James Hutton 17261797 explained formation of mountain ranges took Newtonian physics and applied them to the planet Earth due to erosion why is the planet not smooth because IT39S ALIIIIIIIVE o Georges Cuvier 17691832 Paris French Revolution worked with Napoleon giant fossil found in the chalk mines convinced Napoleon to bring him the fossil he gured that it was a big lizard it was a relative of the modem Komodo Dragon figured out organic extinction had a great museum William Smith 17691839 0 viewed fossils to decode geological structure 0 made the first geological maps using the fossil record 0 the real birth of industrial paleontology Charles Lyell 17971875 0 summarized all prior knowledge into books Principles of Geology Charles Darwin 18091882 0 spent five years sailing around the world looking at biology geology etc o explained existing concept of evolution very succinctly The Origin of Species o quotHow old is the Earthquot when pressed he answered quot1 guess a hundred million years or soquot this led to a heated debate with Lord Kelvin he was another scientist who said that thermodynamics says 110 that amount of time they were both wrong what was missing was quotnatural radioactivityquot rocks decay Henri Becquerel 18521908 Pierre and Marie Curie 18591906 18671934 0 worked with radioactive stuff Arthur Holmes 0 1911 0 first to use radioactivity as a means of dating rocks