LIFE SPAN HUMAN DEV [C5SD]
LIFE SPAN HUMAN DEV [C5SD] GPSYC 160
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dr. Jose Keebler on Saturday September 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GPSYC 160 at James Madison University taught by Matthew Lee in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see /class/213988/gpsyc-160-james-madison-university in OTHER at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 09/26/15
Language Development 1052011 43400 PM The Case of Genie Discovered November 4 1970 Locked in the room for 10 years Locked in a room for 10 years Strapped to a pottychair Denied human interaction stopit and nomore Bunny walk and poor vision At age 13 was 59 pounds and 4 6 Language Development o Evolutionary effects on human speech 0 shrieks and gestures 9 Words and sentences o Neural roots of language development 0 Broca s area helps us to produce words 0 Wernicke39s area helps in language comprehension o Nativist approach 0 Noam Chomsky 1957 humans are prewired to learn language and may be more susceptible when younger Language acquisition device LAD enables the child to detect syntax phonology semantics etc Universal grammar n Even true for deaf people Critical age in infancy and early childhood Mayberry 1994 o Learning approach 0 Children imitate what they hear and observe Skinner 1957 Bandura 1971 0 Parents provide support and approval of truthful statements o Interactionist View 0 Jerome Bruner 1983 1996 0 Both biological and the environment determine language development 0 Parents and teachers provide a language acquisition support system LASS Culture and languagerich environments produce more benefits Elements of Language Language is the means by which people communicate It consists of symbols and rules to create an infinite number of messages 0 Accent phonology and pronunciation of language 0 Dialect regional slang accent Phonemes smallest basic unit of sound Morpheme smallest basic meaningful unit of speech 0 Dog help er ing pre dis quasi o By age 712 months babies demonstrate word segmentation Syntax rules to form acceptable phrases or sentences 0 Objectverb agreement 0 Girl with a hooked I up 9 I hooked up with a girl Semantics the meaning of works and phrases o What did you mean by hooked up exactly Before babies can speak they engage in prelinguistic communication Next babbling age 48 months 0 Comprehension precedes production Next first words age 914 months 0 Holophrase one word to indicate a thought or phrase Englishspeakersnouns Korean childrenverbs By age 2 o vocabulary spurt children can speak about 200 words infinite generativityquot appears Telegraphic speech Daddy gone Big car Cat hurt More milk Overextensionobjects that don t exactly fit the category skunk is catand underextension mimic Piaget s terms 0 Recognition of morphology adding letter s Learning pragmatics requires cultural exposure 0 Children master this in school and being exposed to many contexts In middle and late childhood 0 Metalinguistic awareness ability to think about language use what words and sounds mean how to define them 0 O O O o Codeswitching or frameswitching alternation between two or more languages or dialects Common for bicultural and bilingual people of any age I can t express it in English because I m thinking in Spanish 1052011 43400 PM