SOCIAL ISSUES IN A GLOBAL CONTEXT [C4GE]
SOCIAL ISSUES IN A GLOBAL CONTEXT [C4GE] GSOCI 110
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Charlie O'Keefe on Saturday September 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GSOCI 110 at James Madison University taught by Ronald Wilson in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see /class/213997/gsoci-110-james-madison-university in OTHER at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 09/26/15
Unit Final Exam Review Fall 2011 GSOCI 110 Any behavior or physical appearance that is socially challenged or condemned because it violates ordered parts from the norms and expectations of the group defined by the audiencegroup that labelsdefines the person if it is not defined then it did not occur Slight episodes of deviant behavior not stigma causedgiven little reaction P L w A person repeatedly violates a norm and the deviance progressively worsens until the person takes on a deviant identity may occur voluntarily or by being labeled with stigmas 5m M 9 People who are actually committing deviance but the audience does not see it as deviance so there is no problem VLJd39ZV EL UT g quotI7 5 39 391 MM m i6 qu u39ui 177 39 Society s reaction to the breaking of the norms if the labeling persists long enough then the person becomes the label Note Thomas Theorytransformation ofinner realities into outer Devianttheory pertains to how delinquent behavior is learned 1 Due to social in uencenegative contact 2 Occurs because ofa lack of adult guidance H 31 gm MM m w We re 7mm PCT U39m rocess by wh1ch those who are labeled as deviants tend to see themselves and their deviance in a positive way y and consequently may be valued for 1 quot 39 r H ha w 2 These d viant th ories are mostly about men onl male behavior not necessarily female behaviors iiui39j articular crimesdeviance that are committedwho is r ii l l v I r Power or lack convicted Example Corporate crime is treated differently than other types like drug offenses women are in prison less than men due to more structured lifestyles Any situatlon in wh1ch 1 The valued goals in society seem to have unclear limits 2 People are unsure whether the legitimate means that society provides will allow them to achieve their goals 3 Legitimate opportunities for meeting these goals remain closed to a significant portion of population 1 Conformity 2 Innovation 3 Ritualism 4 Retreatism 5 Rebellion ifquot 3mm Lgquot n 2 V rql I ji Th1s term is de ned as certain be aviors and appearances that follow and maintain the standards ofa group Also the acceptance of the cultural goals and the pursuit of those goals through legitimate means don39t want to be out ofnorm f M Wl 7 i quotn 7 ill Acceptance of cultural goals but the rejection of the legitimate means to obtain the goals They innovate to attain the goals but they break the rules Cheating in schools Eh Ii n39v s 1W imt i iii goals but a r1 1d adherence to the legitimate means of attaining them They follow the quotrulesquot but abandon the goal The rejection individually Rejection ofboth cultural goals and means of achieving personal goals but with a new set of goals and means substituted They substitute a new set ofvalues and norms in place of the discarded ones They drop out of society or a particular subculture Reaction of approval or disapproval to others39 behaviors and appearancedisappearance provide incentive to behave properly Examples Ticketsfines Hm V 2 Unoffic1al sanctlons official expressions of approvaldisapproval I um Asmtu l y 2 ParentsPartners and their 2 children that are young or unmarried Used to be the norm nuclear family husbandswives auntsuncles cousins grandparents grandkids could all live in same house or in the neighborhood supportdistractionsbabysittersmore boundary keepers Marry1ng or partnering someone inside one39s own group religion ethnicity SES L Act of marrying or partnering outside ofa group Married or partnered with only one other person 0 xi n 3 Social term pertaining to the marriage or partnering of one person to 2 or more people of the opposite seX n Marriage or partnering of one man with 2 or more women mi 3 M3910m ilquot Marriage or partnering of one woman to 2 or more men Home where married or partnered couple lives with the woman39s family Wl mi Norm that recognizes only the woman39s family as a child39s close relatives could be for cultural or identification purposes Family can perform 1 Social Regulations 2 Reproduction 3 Socialization 4 Economic Cooperation 5 Emotional Security Family is not the only source oflove and care but can generate pain and con ict except during war family iscould be the most violent institution in the US Bellef that one racial category is innately superior or inferior to another l g li h i ici People who share a national origin or a common ancestry Any socially sb ordinated group in any way ourquot glgjnm Rigid and usually unfavorable judgments about a particular group or individuals in a particular group Iudgment doesn39t usually change in the face of contradictory evidence so people have a particular ideology about people in these groups comes down to the individual can have ideological reversal Exaggerated and inaccurate generalizations about members of a particular group l The established and customary way of doing things in society regarding the unchallenged rules policies and daytoday practices that impede or limit minority member39s achievements keeping them in subordinated and disadvantaged positions we act accordingly thinking it39s the norm Examples affirmative action The personal traits and social positions that members of society attach to being female or male The belief that one seX is innately superior or inferior to another believe gender to be a hierarchy with 1 dominantsuperior and 1 inferiorsubordinate 1 Liberal 2 Socialist 3 Radical Li I39m Respectfamily however they seek changes regarding family like more widely available maternity leave and child care for working parents w i aimm Family limits women s opportunities and makes her a domestic slave in some cases because of family structure in patriarchal and capitalist structure women are exploited Bellef that soc1ety should eliminate gender itself and putting an end to motherhood as we know it doesn39t mean no children but change the roles Biological differences between males and females An exaggeration of differences by adults and children Set of expectations of what behaviors are appropriate for a person holding a particular position quotET g V 11139 71 An 1nstitutlon that coordinates human activity in the effort to produce distributes and consumes goods and services Institution that regulates the use of and access to power that is essential to articulating and realizing individual local regional national international or global interest and agendas The massive military buildup that took place between the Soviet Union and US in an attempt to contain the spread of each other39s economic and political systems US capitalism economic democracy political Soviet Union socialism economic communism political Economic system in which the raw materials and the means of producing and distributing goods and services remain collectively owned for the most part rejects the idea that markets regulate themselves through the laws of supply and demand government plays a central role in regulating and controlling economic activity As demand for an item increases prices rise but when manufacturers respond by producing a larger supply of an item increases competition and drives the price down Example Govn39t getting involved with Bill Gates a form ofdomination in which one country imposes its political economic social and cultural institutions on an indigenous population and the land it occupies w T77 v39 World economy evolving for 500yrs encompassing more than 200 countries and cultures interconnected by a single division oflabor working class vs capitalists as each government seeks to shape the global market in beneficial ways to themselves no single political structure world or national government holds authority over the system of production and distribution in the world 1 Lower1ng moving production facilities out of high wage zones 2 By securing the raw materials needed to produce products at the lowest price 3 Creating new products consumers feel they need 4 Improving the existing products making the old obsolete 5 Expanding the outer boundaries of the world economy by creating new markets Globalization 6 Redistributing wealth to enable more people to purchase commodities A situation where a single producer dominates a market which does not go well with the laws of supply and demand because there is no competition A situation in which a few producers dominate a market Example Bill gates attempted this 39f u in Jig 9L 1quot A total concentration of power highly centralized political system that extensively regulates people39s lives lliumiai s39f c Theoretically power is dispersed among many competing interest groups all have equal opportunity to participate can go wrong because ones with more power dominate f An organized armed con ict among people of various nations directed by their governments as old as humanity but it now takes a greater urgency because modern military technology gives humanity the capacity to destroy itself organized armed con ict archaic because doesn39t include new unconventional tactics Acts ofviolence or the threat ofviolence used as a political strategy by an individual or group it is a political act beyond the rules ofpolitical systemsstrategy
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