Scientific Revolution cont'd: Sept18.pdf
Scientific Revolution cont'd: Sept18.pdf 1003
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This 2 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Alexia Gallien on Monday September 22, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to 1003 at Louisiana State University taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 104 views. For similar materials see History in History at Louisiana State University.
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Date Created: 09/22/14
Scientific Revolution cont39d Thursolay September 18 Z 14 1 34 AM B Multiple Traditions mean a quotCrisis of Authoritiesquot 1 Authority a source appealed to as having special knowledge or expertise whose views in consequences should be accepted as quotcorrectquot 2 This is like the Problem In Theology 3 C Observations A Cause and Corrective 1 The New World 2 Vesalius anatomy book 1543 v Galen a Vesalius said Gaen39s wrong especially on how the blood circulates b Vesalius dissected bodies had experience c perspective drawing Artillery trajectories 3 Artists Engineers 4 5 Simpler explanations are MOR likely to be correct C Phase 2 158022620s 1 General Developments a More Observations more disagreements with the Ancients b Francis Bacon Stresses Observation and inductive reasoning echoing Aristotle as a way to check deductive quottruthquot 0 That is get beyond quotaccidentsquot to quotsubstancequot by use of inductive reasoning Or to use modern terms get beyond the quotnoisequot in the data to the pattern natural law was largely quotdeductivequot reasoning from assumed basic principles given in quotAuthoritiesquot o Esp Descartes 0 Y a bX 0 He also began to make quotMathquot respectable as quotsciencequot rather than an adjunct to mechanical arts a status issue d Three bases for new Methodology 0 Expectation of an orderly universe 0 Observation is a way to learn or confirm facts quotprinciplesquot Experimentation Using numbers is a habit of some standing by 1580s 2 Emergence of a New Planetary Theory a Copernicus Heliocentric 34 cycles and epicycles Ptoemy39s data 0 Came across Neoplatonism b Ilteper 0 Also a NeoPatonist o Crystalline spheres o Eipse They are trying to prove that Neoplatonism is correct C Galileo Jupiter39s Moons and Attack on Aristotle 0 At Padua University in Venice still exists 0 Nominalist Rene Descartes Rubber Ducky Model Collateral Developments ca 16301687 1 Vacuums and Gases a Torricelli and Pascal b Scientific Societies 1660 ff E The Newtonian Revoution1687 and later 1 Parabolic Path of Cannon Ball Elliptical Orbits and fall of apple are all the same thing ca 1664 o Gravity Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy 1687 a Some people thought the ancients knew everything F Summary 1 A New way of Knowing about the nature 7 aspects a Observation esp under controlled conditions with inductive reasoning b c Mathematical descriptions are best descriptions if possible 0 Algebraic formulas plugin date Application of Ockham39s Razor quotEssential Qualitiesquot or quotendsquot are not important N9 a new way of doing science B A new view of Nature 1 Infinitely large Universe 2 quotNatural Lawsquot apply in heaven E1 on earth 3 G Observation on Method 1 Combining theory from one tradition discipline with data produced for a different purpose in another can be fruitful Copernicus hence read widely outside of your own dd 2 Taking the quotnversequot or quotreversequot of something can lead to new insights Galileo on projectiles 3 Aristotlean epistemology is what works at the level of proof rather than faith or intuition 4 Ockham39s razor is a useful too
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