INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNICATION THEORY
INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNICATION THEORY SCOM 240
Popular in Course
Popular in Communication Studies
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cyril Kling on Saturday September 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SCOM 240 at James Madison University taught by John Stone in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see /class/214070/scom-240-james-madison-university in Communication Studies at James Madison University.
Reviews for INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNICATION THEORY
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/26/15
The Human in Human Communication N Physical Characteristics height weight eye color etc N Psychological Characteristics attitudes beliefs values N Emotional Characteristics compassion fear sympathy N Intellectual Characteristics IQ reasoning ability N Esthetic Nature music visual art literature The Brain N Frontal Lobes planning and thinking N Temporal Lobes sound speech N Occipital Lobe visual processing N Parietal lobe orientation calculation certain types of recognition N Motor Cortex this band controls body movement and coordinates the learning of motor skills N Left side Controls our verbal functions N Right side adapts more to nonverbal communication visual and spatial tasks as well as perception of music N Corpus Callosum network of fibers that connects both sides and allows inter hemispheric transfer of information N Sociability ability to work in groups Memo N Visual Sensory Memory lasts 110 of a second N Auditory Memory last for a few seconds N Short Term N Long Term messages are stored Rh etorical Heritage N The Rhetoric formal language book written by Aristotle N Rhetoric any spoken or written form of nonliterary discourse with many including a great deal of literary discourse Rhetoric Purposes Types N Movere Persuade N Docere Instruct N Delectare Delight N Forensic Courtroom N Epideictic Ceremonial N Deliberative Political Addresses N Invention Inventio disc0vering the sayables finding arguments N Style Elocutio selection and structuring of the words language sentences phrases and discourse speech N Arrangement dispositio both the organization and the arrangement of speech N Memory memio not remembering exactly what to say but rather using things to remind of what to say N Delivery Actio not just what to say but how to say it The IN TRAp39ersonal perspective N Intrapersonal communication communication which takes place within an individual all of the r39 39 39 39 39 and p 39 r 39 of messages that happens within 39 J39 394 39 at 39 and n n 39 levels as they attempt to understand themselves and environment N Values very basis psychologicallysociologically based learned principles dealing with issues of goodbad These are NOT easily altered N Beliefs learned systems concerning what a person considers to be and not to be Learned early in life difficult to changemodify deepseated N Human Needs wantsdesires needs are universal for humans physiological food shelter sociological need to belong or psychological self actualizationneed for reinforcement N Attitudes a predisposition to respond in a certain manner to a speci c stimulus at a certain time under a given set of circumstances attitudes are not always a reliable predictor of behavioral responses N Perceptions perception involves the processes of selecting attending certain stimuli processing it and interpreting N Meanings the cognitive mental interpretation of processed stimuli signals that have been selected by an individual for such processing gt symbolic nature N opinions the over expression verbal nonverbal written concerning any of the above N Behaviors an overt physical expression of any of the above Behaviors are not always accurate representation of true feelings Memog N short term memory immediate memory and working memory that are temporary data is considered to make sense or have meaning N immediate memory holds data consciously or subconSciously for 30 seconds N working memory conscious rather than sub conscious processing occurs and can handle 23 things at one time N long term memory used for later reference INTERpersonal communication N interpersonal communication communication taking place between two persons the goal of which is understanding occurs anytime time when two or more people are in a situation where they can interact facetoface Why communicate N inclusion we need to feel included N affection we need to feel that others care for us N control we have a need to in uence others N accomplishment we need relationships so we can accomplish things that we may not be able to do on our own Relational Development Building 1 initiating the short beginning period of an interaction involves scouting and first impressions 2 experimenting two people have decided to find out more about each other 3 intensifying involves active participation mutual Concern and an awareness that the relationship is developing 4 integrating the two start mirroring each other s behaviors and others see them as a couple and are together a great deal of time 5 bonding nal state of development two people willingly commit to each other 39 quot 39 39 39 Deterioration Differentiating the two partners begin accentuating their differences rather than their similarities 2 Circumscribing there is decreased interaction communication 3 Stagnating lack of activity N especially together communication has become awkward 4 Avoiding there is reluctance to interact even hostility communication decreases may even be fighting Terminating theytwo people in the relationship are no longer seen by others or themselves as a couple V39 Interpersonal 39 quot 39 39 Bases of quot N Responsiveness positive interest in us N Similarity we choose friends who like or dislike the same things we do N complementarity we sometimes build relationship with people whose strengths are our weaknesses N social exchange theory we need to feel that we get as much out of a relationship as we put into it N mutuality a satisfactory 100 combine Human Language Verbal Communication N Language a system of symbols that can be put together in an infinite number of ways for purposes of communication abstract thought N symbol something that stands for something else N Spacebinding both humans and animals are cognizant of space the space they occupy and the space occupied by others N time binding only humans are time binders N intelligently talk about the past present and future N Verbal language collection of symbols letters or words with arbitrary meanings that are governed by rules and used to communicate N Nonverbal communication the attributes or actions of humans other than the use of words themselves which have socially shared meaning and are intentionally sent or interpreted as intentional How is Language Structured N Signs individual stimuli that are always external can me inanimate or animate verbal or nonverbal major or minor They are universal and must be interpreted by individuals N Signals signs we choose to attend become signals and exist both inside and outside the individual they stimulate the formation of symbols N Symbols symbols are words are always intemal and built into messages by subjecting them to such systems as grammar and syntax Elements of Language
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'