U S HISTORY [C4AE]
U S HISTORY [C4AE] GHIST 225
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Oliver D'Amore on Saturday September 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GHIST 225 at James Madison University taught by Gabrielle Lanier in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see /class/214079/ghist-225-james-madison-university in OTHER at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 09/26/15
GHIST 225 Fall 2008 TiTh 12307145 HA 1261 Dr Gabrielle Lanier Ms Victoria Edwards REVIEWING FOR THE FIRST MIDTERM EXAM Review Sheet 1 The first midterm exam for this class will take place on Thursday 25 September during the regular class period from 1230 to 145 The main portion of the exam will be given in the regular lecture period a second portion of the exam will be given in your regular discussion section that week The entire exam consisting ofboth the lecture and discussion section portions counts for 10 ofyour grade for the course BRING AT LEAST ONE BLUE BOOK TO EACH EXAM BRING TWO IF YOU USUALLY HAVE A LOT TO SAY Material on the lecture exam may be drawn from all lectures readings and discussions from the beginning of the course through the date of the exam Material dealing with the Market Revolution readings for the week of 21 September and lecture scheduled for 23 September will not be included on this exam it will be included in the second midterm The discussion section exam will be drawn from all readings you have been asked to prepare from the Amer2m Firsthand reader through the date of the exam The discussion section exams are the only exams that will be open book format bring your Amer2m Firsthand book to the exam and will consist of essay questions based on those readings The exam in the lecture class will be divided into three parts as outlined below There will be some choice of questions to answer You should plan to budget your time carefully PART I worth 21 points will consist ofidentification questions Your task will be to select and identify several terms and images from a longer list of options By identify we mean that you must explain in several complete sentences what the term or image is whyhow it is significant in US history and what date or time period it relates to This part of the exam will count as 21 ofyour total exam grade You should plan to spend no more than about 20 minutes on this part of the exam EXAMPLE of identi cation term Proclamation of 1763 Remember it is not enough simply to identify the term as in a game ofJeopardy you must go further You need to be able to identify the meaning of the term its historical significance and its time period Insufficient answers will be marked down How specific should your dates be Depending on the term it is generally okay to supply a date to the nearest decade example 1680s And on occasion when discussing broad trends that occurred over a long period of time such as the Columbian Exchange we ll even accept a date to the nearest halficentury or maybe even the nearest century you could even argue that the Columbian Exchange is still going on in the 21st century with globalization However in identifying events that happened in rapid succession and for which it is important to know chronology as in the events that took place during the Imperial Crisis a more precise date is necessary For example ifyou told us that the Boston Massacre occurred in the mid to late 1700s that would not be enough because so did a lot of other key events such as the Stamp Act the Olive Branch Petition Lexington and 1 Concord and Tom Paine s Common Xeme In such a case it is important for you to demonstrate to us that you grasp the chronology and if it applies the relationship between those events eg that the Boston Massacre occurred after the Stamp Act but before Common Xeme PART II worth 24 points will consist ofa mixture of multiple choice and fillintheblank questions These questions come straight out of the textbook readings for this course Your task will be to choose the best most correct answer to the questions As in the other parts of this exam you will have some choice ofwhich questions to answer This part of the exam will count as 24 ofyour exam grade You should plan to spend no more than about 2025 minutes on this part of the exam EXAMPLE of multiple choice question The Purimn faith closely followed the teachings of a the Pope b the King of England c John Calvin d Martin Luther PART III worth 30 points will consist oflong essay questions You will choose one essay question from a list of several and will write an essay that answers that question Essay questions require you to take a large historical issue question or theme and develop it in a coherent organized essay of around 5 to 8 paragraphs They test your ability to conceptualize historical is sues and present a coherent interpretation that is supported with factual information evidence A good answer to an essay question combines the general a theme or thesis with the specific factual information that supports and develops the thesis and demonstrates a solid grasp of the facts and chronology You will be graded on how well you structure your answer how well you select the best available information about the topic from your readings and lecture notes and how well you make an argument about the historical material you include in your essay You are NOT merely graded on the factual information you provide and you WILL be penalized for simply listing factual information or writing in phrases that do not constitute a coherent set ofparagraphs This part of the exam counts for 30 ofyour grade You should plan to spend about 35 minutes outlining and writing your answer to this essay EXAMPLE of long essay question In 1500 an ocean separated the very different societies of the Old World from those of the New World By 1650 the Old World had come to the New Write an essay discussing first the characteristics of each society prior to colonization and second how the English and Spanish colonies in the New World were shaped by the interactions among people from both sides of the ocean PREPARING FOR THE EXAM Your best preparation is to complete all the reading to be sure that your class notes are thorough and that you can tell from them what the most important issues are and to take time each day until the exam working with other people in class or going over materials on your own Don t wait until the last minute to study PREPARING FOR THE ESSAY QUESTION how to write a great essayiany time any class Imagine yourselfa trial lawyer preparing to argue a case You have a basic position that you want to prove For instance if you are the defense attorney you are going to argue that your client is innocent of the charge alleged against her or him In order to persuade the jury to agree with you you must provide specific and pertinent evidence for your stance arranged in a way that presents each point in its strongest possible light You will make a stronger case ifyou can anticipate the weaknesses in your argument that lawyers for the prosecution your otherwise friendly teachers will pinpoint At the end of the trial you will sum up your case to the jury tying all of your evidence together and linking it to your original thesis that your client is innocent First of all take two or three minutes to clarify your thoughts for yourselfby outlining your main points in very briefphrases Then 1 Reveal your arglment in an introduction This paragraph must contain your thesis statement what it is you are arguing put succinctly and directly 2 Build up your evidence in the body of the essay Here you introduce your evidence Each paragraph should have a topic sentence usually but not always the first which indicates the nature of the material that immediately follows it Provide specific examples from the lectures and textbooks to illustrate your points These exaInples are not substitutes for your explanation about their meaning You have to explain why and or how these examples prove your point 3 Sum up your argument in a conclusion Here you should bring all of your points together summarize your evidence and sell your thesis to the jury When you are done ask yourself Have you answered the question The whole question Is your answer focused Does it stick to the point Did you prove your argument How is your time The exam is 1714 hours long so you39ll need to watch your time closely THE NUMBER ONE PROBLEM IN WRITING ESSAY EXAMS IS POOR TIME MANAGEMENT Plan carefully and watch your time Your essay should be as grammatically sound as possible So Make your subjects and verbs agree Write in agreeing tenses preferably the past tense uniformly throughout the essay Be careful about inde nite pronouns It is confusing to your readers to use it and they frequently Use precise pronoun and noun references wherever possible Be speci c choose strong verbs and avoid using too many qualifying words If the Patriots tarred and feathered a Tory then be clear that they tarred and feathered himithey did not sort of or pretty much mr and feather him STRATEGY FOR STUDYING EFFICIENTLY To help guide your studying further two review lists follow The first is a list ofimportant terms and concepts that you should be able to identify and contextualize The second is a list of themes and broad questions to help you focus your studying Underlined terms and themes are those that we have not yet covered in the main lecture class but will cover in the classes before the exam The best studying strategy is to start first by reviewing the list of terms Then work on grouping terms together that relate chronologically or conceptually to one another EXAMPLE Once you can identify what the Articles of Confederation are when they occurred and why they are significant then try to determine what the links are between the Virginia Plan the Articles of Confederation Shays s Rebellion and the Constitutional Convention Ifyou can explain some of the links between groups of such terms coherently you are well on your way Finally review the topics under Themes and Broad Questions to Think About We are not interested in seeing how many meaningless dates names and facts you can stuff into your heads but we DO want you to be able to undersmnd and explain the links between historical events and ideas to marshal your evidence in order to argue your points effectively and persuasively and to place events and ideas into a broader context Also we DO want you to write organized clearly written welliargued essays Essays that are careless or haphazard will be penalized IMPORTANT TERMS AND CONCEPTS actual or direct representation Boston Tea Party agrarian republic yeoman farmers Calvinism Antifederalist vs Federalist debate Coercive or Intolerable Acts Articles of Confederation Columbian exchange Bacon s Rebellion Committees of Correspondence Bill of Rights Common Sense Board ofTrade Constitutional Convention Boston Massacre critical period Declaration of Independence Democratic Republican Parg elastic clause enclosure English Opposition enumerated commodities or products Federalist Party First Continental Congress first ar s stem French and Indian War Glorious Revolution Great Awakening Hamilton s reports on public credit national bank and manufactures headrights headright system Imperial Crisis indentured servant Land Ordinance of 1785 and ordinances of the 1780s legitimate vs illegitimate authority Lexington and Concord loose interpretation of the Constitution Louisiana Purchase Massachusetts Bay Colony mercantilism mixed economy monoculture Navigation Acts nonimportation Northwest Ordinance of 1787 Olive Branch Petition Ordinance of 1784 plantation Plymouth Colony proclamation line Proclamation of 1763 Protesmnt Reformation Puritanism push and pull factors Quakers Quebec Act Quartering Act Reformation Roanoke Second Continental Congress Separatists Seven Years War Shay s Rebellion Slave codes Stamp Act states rights strict interpretation of the Con tihitinn Sugar Act ThreeiFifths Cnmnrnmi e 3 5 Comnrnmi e Townshend Duties Treaty of Paris utopian society viceiadmiralty courts Virg39nia Plan virtual representation War of 1812 Whiskey Rebellion THEMES AND BROAD QUESTIONS TO THINK ABOUT These are some of the large overarching themes around which many of our lectures discussions and readings have revolved 1 What were the most important differences between colonial New England and the colonial South Think about their different founding years ways ofmaking a living social structure and early family development also consider differences of religion and culture and even geography 2 What kinds of labor systems developed in the New World and how did those labor systems change over time Think about the system of slavery and what factors influenced its development and change from the early 1600s to the eve of the Revolution and just afterward
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