New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Dr. Carissa Labadie


Marketplace > James Madison University > Writing > WRIT 210 > WRITTEN ARGUMENTATION
Dr. Carissa Labadie
GPA 3.74

Sarah Oconnor

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Sarah Oconnor
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Writing

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dr. Carissa Labadie on Saturday September 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to WRIT 210 at James Madison University taught by Sarah Oconnor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see /class/214104/writ-210-james-madison-university in Writing at James Madison University.




Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/26/15
Chapter 6 Outline Invented Ethos Demonstrate Intelligence by doing the Homework Rhetors can create a character that seems intelligent by demonstrating that they are informed about the issues they discuss and by refraining from using arguments that are irrelevent or trivial They may do so by using language that suggest he is an insider by sharing an anecdote that indicates that ve had experience or knowledge in a particular area or by describing their quali cations A rhetor may also use specialized language to demonstrate their adeptness in a particular eld A rhetor who wants to seem wellinformed should always consider how much her audience knows about the issue she is discussing Audiences that are not wellinformed may allow errors to go unremarked But rhetors risk losing all credibility with betterinformed audiences when they fail to do their homework Establishing Good Character In order to establish their good moral standing rhetors may cite approval of their character from respected authorities Letters of reference References are o en asked about the same qualities in prospective employees that concerned ancient rhetoricians intelligence honesty trustworthiness Rhetors must refrain from use of faulty reasoning or nonrepresentative evidence threats namecalling or lies Securing Goodwill Modern rhetors can demonstrate their goodwill toward an audience by carefully considering what readers need to know about the issue at hand in order to follow the argument EX Movie reviews As another means of securing goodwill rhetors can say why they think their presentation of an argument is important and what benefits will accrue to those who read or listen to it Establishing goodwill is especially difficult to manage when students write for teachers since in this case the audience is usually better informed than the rhetor The best way to demonstrate goodwill in this case is to follow teachers instructions Establishing Good Character Can be Done Through Voice Rhetorical Distance Voice is a selfcharacterization It affects the distance between the rhetor and their audience Distance is the metaphorical physical and social distance between the rhetor and their audience established by means of stylistic choice Intimate distance Closer identi cation more persuasive potential Formal distance Less identi cation less persuasive potential p213 global warming example Rhetors who know an audience well or whose audience is quite small can use an intimate distance Attitude also in uences Distance More Attitude Intimate Distance Less Attitude More Formal Distance Letter vs Article Grammatical Person There are three grammatical persons available in English Firstperson reference I want you to do the dishes today Secondperson address Do these dishes today or else Thirdperson reference Someone must do these dishes today EX P218 Quito in NY story First Person I Second Person You Province of advertising or directions Third Person One Establishes the greatest possible distance Verb Tense and Voice Past Tense 7 makes readers feel like onlookers to past events Present Tense 7 more immediate gives readers a sense of participation Active Voice I take responsibility for these actions Passive Voice Responsibility must be taken for these actions by me Word Size Affects voice and distance Polysyllabic words indicate education or make the rhetor sound pompous and discourage readers to plow through them Establish intimacy by using words that are ordinarily used in common conversation Quali ers Some most virtually and all affect voice and distance A quali er is any term usually an adverb or adjective or phrase that alters the degree of force or extent sontained in a statement Composition textbooks sometimes caution writers against the use of quali ers calling them weasel words However cautious rhetors nd it necessary to use a few quali ers in order to represent a position as accurately as possible Punctuation Underlining bold or CAPITAL LETTERS convey emphasis or importance SHOUTING Intense Important Emphasis Situated Ethos The interpersonal dimension 7 the relations among persons who participate in a rhetorical act 7 has three characteristics liking power and distance Liking has to do with how well the people who are engaging in a rhetorical situation like each other 1 Are the feelings of liking or disliking mutual among participants in this rhetorical situation or in arguments about this issue 2 How intense are these feelings Are these feelings susceptible to rhetorical change Power the capacity to exert interpersonal in uence ex Charisma 1 How disaparate are the power positions of the various participants of a rhetorical act and does the act increase maintain or decrease the disparity 2 How rigid or exible is the power structure and does the rhetorical act function to increase maintain or decrease the stability Distance how far apart socially or situationally participants are from one another in a rhetorical situation 1 What would or did it take to move someone who iswas indifferent toward acceptance or rejection of my position 2 Can I move someone from a position of acceptance toward rejection or vice versa Chapter 6 Outline Invented Ethos Demonstrate Intelligence by doing the Homework Don t use trivial or irrelevant arguments Use an insider s language Use special topical language Know your audience Establishing Good Character Cite outside approval Refrain from using faulty reasoning or nonrepresentative evidence Behave yourself Securing Goodwill Consider what your audience needs to know to follow your argument Explain why the audience should think it s important too Follow the rules Establishing Good Character Can be Done Through Voice Rhetorical Distance Voice is a selfcharacterization Distance is the metaphorical physical and social distance between the rhetor and their audience established by means of stylistic choice Intimate distance Closer identification more persuasive potential Formal distance Less identification less persuasive potential Attitude also in uences Distance More Attitude Intimate Distance Less Attitude More Formal Distance Letter vs Article


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.