RHETORICAL TRADITIONS WRIT 220
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dr. Carissa Labadie on Saturday September 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to WRIT 220 at James Madison University taught by Katherine Kessler in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see /class/214105/writ-220-james-madison-university in Writing at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 09/26/15
Overview What is the nature of the God people are referring to Heavenly Father who is compassionate and forgiving and loving A jealous spiteful master God The very beginning of the chapter p28 talks about the initial problems with the two types of God We have the creatorGod from the Old Testament who demands justice and punishes every violation of his law AND the Father whom Jesus proclaims 7 the New Testament God of forgiveness and love Is there anyone who particularly agrees with Marcion s problem in accepting these two descriptions as evidence that these must be two different entities Is there anyone who understands why this dualism was condemned Do you think the Christian credal statement is a clarification or actually a defense mechanism against any kind of dualitygnostic approach The Gnostics also rejected the literal death and resurrection of Jesus through which Pagels argues the orthodox church found its authority How literal should people interpret the description of the resurrection of Jesus How metaphorical was it intended to be In Chapter 2 Pagels also describes the primary dispute between the orthodox Christians and the Gnostics She makes it seem like the dispute was not necessarily theological but centered on the Gnostics39 refusal to accept the hierarchy and authority of the church as an institution Gnostics emphasized an individual39s relationship with God and believed that selfknowledge was the key to understanding God This concept undermined the authority and power of the orthodox church From this chapter which method of experiencing Christianity appeals to you more The orthodox church embraced nearly anyone who would profess faith in Christ participate in the church s rituals and recognize the church s authority The Gnostics required a member to display signs of spiritual maturity and holiness and often to undergo difficult and timeconsuming initiations Which of these standards is more welcoming to the masses According to Pagels the orthodox church s hierarchical structure and widespread acceptance helped it to surpass Gnosticism and remain a powerful force for many centuries Gnostics would reply to a bishop You claim to represent God but in reality you represent only the demiurge who you blindly serve and obey P38 What is your interpretation of what the gnostics feel is different between believing in the idea of God and of the demiurge What are we talking about when we use the term demiurge Important People Ignatius was among the Apostolic Fathers was the third Bishop after St Peter and Patriarch of Antioch He based his authority on being a bishop of the Church living his life in the imitation of Christ In retaliation to the selfled theologians of the Gnostics he attenpted to defend the church by forging theological weapons Irenaeus Priest who wields many complaints against gnostic postulations and organizations Clement Irenaeus contemporary Claims that there was a monadic gnosis and such gnosticism was most in uential and threatening to the Church Valentinus was the best known and for a time the most successful early Christian gnostic theologian Valentinus had a large following the Valentinians It later divided into an Eastern and a Western or Italian branch The Marcosians belonged to the Western branch He taught the Holy Trinity They assembled in unauthorized meetings According to the Valentinian Gnostics there are three classes of human beings They are the material who cannot attain salvation the psychic who are strengthened by works and faith they are part of the church and the spiritual who cannot decay or be harmed by material actions Essentially ordinary humansithose who have faith but do not possess the special knowledgei will not attain salvation Spirituals on the other handithose who obtain this great giftiare the only class that will eventually attain salvation Vocab Gnostic possessing knowledge applied to various early Christian sects that claimed direct personal knowledge beyond the Gospel or the Church hierarchy a member of any of certain sects among the early Christians who claimed to have superior knowledge of spiritual matters and explained the world as created by powers or agencies arising as emanations from God Apostasy a total desertion of or departure from one s religion or principles Demiurge a supernatural being imagined as creating or fashioning the world in subordination to the Supreme Being and sometimes regarded as the originator of evil Apostolic F athers the earliest authoritative group of Church Fathers
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