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by: Jamarcus Fadel PhD


Marketplace > James Madison University > Psychlogy > PSYC 213 > PSYC RES DES DATA ANALY II
Jamarcus Fadel PhD
GPA 3.77

Kenneth Barron

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About this Document

Kenneth Barron
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jamarcus Fadel PhD on Saturday September 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 213 at James Madison University taught by Kenneth Barron in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see /class/214148/psyc-213-james-madison-university in Psychlogy at James Madison University.




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Date Created: 09/26/15
Psycll APA writing tips How to Write 3 Methods Section Method Participants This is where you include information about the number of participants that were in the study their gender breakdown of males and of females their age range or average age and ideally the raceethnicity breakdown of your participants Other demographic information may be included if it is relevant to your research question You also should state where your participants were from e g midsized Southeastern university and how they were recruited e g as part of a class requirement or on a volunteer basis Also state whether or not your participants were compensated in any way for their participation eg received extra credit money etc A wellwritten participants section will allow you to determine the extent to which you can generalize the results of the study to other types of participants In other words you ll be able to evaluate the external validity of the study after reading more about who exactly was in the study Design In this section you should rst state what type of research design you are using eg simple experiment multiplegroup experiment factorial experiment Then describe what the independent variables IVs of the study are and what specific levels of are being evaluated for each IV Then describe what each of the dependent variables are Then describe what type of subject design your study is e g between subjects or within subjects Finally describe any important control variables that were taken into consideration and included in the study Also this is an author s chance to clearly highlight for a reader what each variable in the study will be called and labeled Note not all APA journal articles will have a section like this however we wish they did It is extremely helpful to see authors explicitly state their research methodology eg if descriptive vs correlational vs experimental vs quasiexperimental methods were used and to have the authors label and de ne each of the variables under investigation A clearly written design section will signal to a reader whether the research methodology will allow cause and effect claims to be made eg whether experimental or nonexperimental methods were used to evaluate internal validity and it will allow a reader to understand the constructs under investigation and prime evaluating the construct validity of the study Materials Here you describe and list the materials being used in your study Sometimes this section is called apparatus instead of materials especially when specific types of equipment are being used e g biofeedback equipment MRI scanner operant conditioning chambers etc rather than paper and pencil types of activities A brief description is fine if you plan to discuss the materials more fully in the procedure section of the methods or if you plan to include an exact copy of the materials used as an appendix of your paper eg you could provide a short description and then tell your reader to See Appendix A for a full version of the questionnaire However whether you outline your materials in this section or below in your procedures section remember that your goal is to provide enough detail about all the materials used so your reader can fully understand your study and could replicate your study based on your description Procedure Here you should take your reader through the experiment step by step 7 from the beginning Participants were recruited by to the end Participants were debriefed and thanked for their participation Describe exactly what participants did in the experiment and how they interacted with the materials of the study Again this description should be detailed


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