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by: Justina O'Reilly


Marketplace > James Madison University > Criminal Justice > CRJU 301 > SPECIAL TOPICS IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Justina O'Reilly
GPA 3.78

William Jennings

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About this Document

William Jennings
Class Notes
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Justina O'Reilly on Saturday September 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CRJU 301 at James Madison University taught by William Jennings in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see /class/214160/crju-301-james-madison-university in Criminal Justice at James Madison University.

Popular in Criminal Justice




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Date Created: 09/26/15
Chapter 1 Defining Management and Organization Chapter Summary Identifying management in an organization may be difficult because policies procedures goals values and the mission can be in uenced by line staff as well as top administrators Many theoretical attempts have been made to identify who management is and the responsibilities of management in an organization According to this teXt management should be efficient and effective in meeting organizational goals while utilizing the least amount of resources possible Organizations differ greatly in size structure values goals and mission Organizations can be formal or informal centralized or decentralized They can have defined chains of command and vertical communication or loosely identified chains of command and horizontal communication The overall purpose of any organization is to achieve agreed upon goals and objectives Organizations have a vision ofhow work should be accomplished by the line staff They identify a mission statement so that those outside of the organization are aware of their purpose Organizations create value structures that are dependent on the people working in the organization and the culture of the organization Values are considered the priorities of the organization In addition organizations use strategic goals to guide their efforts and to accomplish their stated missions The goals are measurable outcomes used to assess the overall effectiveness of the organization Organizations can be considered systems consisting of inputs processes outputs and feedback Each organization is made up of smaller subsystems operating within the larger organizational system Employees and managers can also be considered systems operating within subsystems Leaders motivate others to accomplish organizational goals They may or may not be identified as managers within an organization Being able to lead is not the same as being a manager Managers may or may not be good leaders Theoretical attempts to explain leadership have focused on those born with qualities that make them able to lead others those taught to be leaders and those who learn to rely on situations to determine the best way to lead Forprofit agencies 9develop and deliver products or services that generate income They may be organized as sole proprietorships corporations or LLCs They tend to be structured formally with ends being more important than means in accomplishing strategic goals Nonprofit organizations 9 fulfill community and client needs They are not concerned with generating earnings and rely heavily on fundraising through grants corporations individuals foundations and governmental agencies to meet budgetary needs Line staff and volunteers are employed to accomplish strategic goals One of the biggest issues devolution


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