RTV 2100 Week 2 notes
RTV 2100 Week 2 notes RTV2100
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alex L on Thursday March 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to RTV2100 at University of Florida taught by Saunders,Lynsey MSelepak,Andrew G in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Writing for Electronic Media in Engineering and Tech at University of Florida.
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Date Created: 03/17/16
Journalism- Defined I. The word “journalism” elicits confusion in American society A. People confuse reporting with advocacy i) They mistake those who promote opinions or push their personal agendas on cable news or in the blogosphere for those who report B. Reporters: i) Gather evidence, unbiased evidence, placed in a context of past events to give current events weight beyond the ways opinion leaders or propagandists misinterpret or exploit them Journalism: I. The exercise of judgment and discretion by people trained to organize information in a way that makes it meaningful to specific audiences II. Journalists have a duty to distinguish for people what is news and what is truth The Role of the Media: I. The media fulfills 6 important roles 1. Serve the political system by providing information, discussion and debate on public affairs 2. Enlightening the public so as to make it capable of self-government 3. Safeguarding the rights of individual by serving as a watchdog against government 4. Bringing together the buyers and sellers of goods and services through the medium of advertising 5. Providing “good” entertainment 6. Maintaining its own financial self-sufficiency so as to be free from the pressures of special interests “The fact is, that the public have an insatiable curiosity to know everything, except what is worth knowing. Journalism, conscious of this, and having tradesman-like habits, supplies their demands.” –Oscar Wilde So what happened? I. Journalists have developed too much reliance on PR-savvy official sources to generate news stories A. Reporters without a deep understanding of the subjects they cover are easily misled and more prone to pass along inaccurate or superficial explanations of complicated issues B. Official sources are becoming less trustworthy i) There’s a lot more political spin ii) People in politics are more conscious of the importance of the frame in which something is presented than the facts C. Journalists have become too busy i) Cutbacks and social media Lab 1 Time vs Space: I. Broadcast story length is measure in time A. Short stories avoid the audience losing interest and changing the chanenel which results in a loss of advertising revenue II. Print stories are measured by words Slug: I. The name of a news story- heading in the top left II. A news story will be in different parts of the newsroom and handled by different new staff before it is filed. Each page of a copy must have a heading that tells people few things about the story on that page III. Slug is the name or title the writer gives to the story – not the whole thing A. Purpose of a slug is for future reference and to file it away IV. Slug is the name that people in t the newsroom use to refer to that story V. It will also be the file name under which the story is stored in the computer in a newsroom VI. Few scripts have paper versions anymore, not as vital as it once was, but they will still save stories under a name. (slug) Guidelines for writing a slug: I. It should be short. One or two words II. It should be clear. Choose words that clearly label the story A. Watch out for stories that may be used in the newsroom that day i) Ex: “Accident” might not be acceptable, since there may be more than one accident. ii) Use specifics: “Bus crash” or “apartment fire” B. The name chosen may be the name of the main actor in the story i) A story about Senator Rubio may have the name “Rubio”. C. In addition to the name of the story, the slug also includes the writer’s name, date the story is written, and the time of the newscast the story is written for. D. The following story was written by Andy for the 3 pm. newscast on December 17 - Car Fire - Selepak, Andrew - 3 pm 12/27/2015 III. Exact records are vital in news business. A. Sometimes it might be needed to refer back to the story. IV. Slug should be typed in the upper left hand corner of the page, one inch from the top, stacked single space V. Story begins 4 single spaced lines from the slug VI. Also important to include the amount of time the story will take to read. Circle the time. A. A colon signifies seconds VII. A script is timed by reading at the same speed it is going to be read on air and timed with a stopwatch VIII. End the story by typing ### End of a story: I. Few radio stories run longer than one page, so page numbers are not included in slug II. TV stories often do include page number with slug III. If it is longer than a page, the way you identify continuation is type more- make sure it’s circled with an arrow so reporters don’t read the words.