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This 3 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Jake Davis on Wednesday September 24, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to 2112 at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 99 views.
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Date Created: 09/24/14
American Imperialism at the Tum of the Century Next test is not cumulative next material starts today the format is the same as well America goes from a former colony to a colonizer What does imperialism means By Drake it is nothing more than the advocacy or the practice by extending your country s power outside of your borders There is indirect imperialism with economic policy but usually it s direct like at the point of a gun A colony is the most intense part of imperialism where you replace the indigenous government and replace it with your own The relationship has one goal to make the colonizers wealthy We know this from experience we were a British colony for a long time Colonies are economically motivated more than anything else 0 We see it throughout history back to Ancient China the Greeks the Romans But the height comes in the late 1800s up to WWII around 1880 to 1950 was the window when it happened One European country or another controlled the entire globe The British wrote the book over imperialism At one time or another the British controlled North America Australia and Africa the sun never set on the British Empire 100 years ago Africa only had 2 independent countries So how does the US feel about imperialism Generally America was very antiimperialist because we were a colony ourselves and rose up and were successful in revolting With one exception the west coast colonization but some argued it was within our own boarders That s why it gets really interesting in the 1800s people said that we were the manufacturing giant and we were just as good as Europe and we deserve the same thing Europeans have The one thing Europe had that we didn t was colonies this was ironic So the proimperialists said we should do it to make pro t Advocates also claimed we had a production problem as seen with the farmers and their populist movements They said it might also come to the factories They said the colonies would be key for us to of oad our extra stuff Many people wanted to sell to China with its huge population as customers They also wanted the resources of the colonies for production Some said we needed to bring Social Darwinism to the colonies and the reason they are poor is because they aren t trying There were arguments of race and Christianity They thought they could take white civilization and bring it to the rest of them and bring them into quasiAmericans like assimilating them They thought they could also save their souls religion wise It was also good for the Americans to spread democracy to these colonies Final motivator was a Crisis of Masculinity they thought the economic success made them soft and they were using their hands to make books or clothes in the industrial revolution they wanted to get back to nature this was why Tarzan was becoming a popular book at the time They said what they needed was a good war to bring that manhood back Cultural ideas took the edge off imperialism at some times o In 1898 the Spanish empire was dwindling they had the Philippines Cuba and Puerto Rico There were rebellions in Cuba and the Philippines Americans sided with the Cubans in their argument with Spain lmperialists saw it as an opportunity and wanted to make money and put in democracy So they needed a triggering event to give them the cover to invade Cuba There was the Delome letter it was a letter sent from Cuba to Spain that was stolen by a Cuban spy given to the US they talked about America and President McKinnely and talked about how America was lled with cowards and they wouldn t do a thing this pissed off the men looking for their masculinity and they wanted to go to war But we don t go to war over a letter but showed how sensitive the masculine crisis was Then the US Maine explodes in Havana to send a naval message to Spain It was a boiler explosion but with this anxiety over the letter this looks to many Americans as a Spanish attack so it came out at the wrong time so this was the event for a declaration of war They wanted to lift up their little brown brothers which showed how much white supremacy was in our ideology towards going to war 0 There was something known as yellow joumalism to falsely report these events to push the events of the war Roosevelt went to war with some volunteers it takes Americans 5 days to get to the coast and didn t even get red on The American military was pretty small back in those days because they thought the military was part of a Tyrant But luckily Spanish had a worse military 0 Same thing with Philippines they go to Vanilla harbor and had some battles and took it as well 0 A signi cant group known as the antiimperialists was heavily against it Camage and Jane Adams were antiimperialists and they thought we were depriving people of the right to choose their leaders Some also thought it would lead to more nonwhite people in the country which was very racist of them They managed to get the Teller Amendment passed it was just before the war starts and they said in the event we go to war with Spain they said we would immediately give independence back to Cuba and the Philippines So the war happens we win do we give the independence No The imperialists passed the Plat amendment in 1901 it said Cuba was free but their foreign policy will be handled by the United States and if Cuba shows insufficient progress towards American democracy they have the right to replace their government with something they want Anti imperialists didn t think it was freedom But the proimperialists still won over And the independence of the Philippines wasn t granted until 1946 In the Philippines we were the liberators at first we kicked Spain out and they knew about the Teller Amendment so they were happy But we just became the new Spain So the Filipino guerillas start ghting back and about 4000 Americans die ghting these guerillas we inadvertently got into a war with them Some saw it as an extension of our war against the Native Americans The beginning of the 20th century was very imperialist for America
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