Introduction To Sociology
Introduction To Sociology SOC 1101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mr. Mable Torp on Saturday September 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 1101 at Cornell University taught by B. Cornwell in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see /class/214325/soc-1101-cornell-university in Sociology at Cornell University.
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Date Created: 09/26/15
Lectu re 9 Globalization v lEdnesclay October 07 2009 Intimately connected with other aspects of postmodern society globalization wadvancements in tech may be main driving force in postmodernity in general With increasing multiculturalism more likely to adopt cultural practices you weren t exposed to facilitating identity fragmentation Impact of globalization on social stratification Globalization and Urban Inequality Sassen Impact of globalization on structure of cities social stratification Mechanism accounted for by changes in corporate processes resulting from globalization more international business less regulation from national governments so corporations are free to outsource low skilled things Increased complexity of markets because you re dealing with international regulations Need to centralize command and control Need to rely on specialized services Corporate operations centered in large cities I Find highly specialized service forms that focus on international market to reduce costs both dispersion of low skilled jobs and concentration of specialized services in cities Increased demand for low skilled service workers but they can t compete with those they re now sharing the space with like high value property Leads to highly polarized urban economy service workers immigrants women vs high powered specialists men The World System Wallerstein Very influenced by Marx World system global capitalist economy is not full of autonomous pieces it s a single system I Global production and exchange occur in a coordinated capitalist economy controlled by a few major countries I Concerned with division of labor certain countriesregions specialize in certain things more wealthy countries specialize in more profitable aspects Highly stratified division of labor between countriesregions Core wealthy powerful countries that own the means of production and specialize in high skill activities 0 Analogous to bourgeoisie Periphery poor countries that specialize in low skill activities agriculture mining produce raw materials Semiperiphery more autonomous countries that serve as buffers bw core and periphery reducing conflict 0 Ex Poland Brazil not necessarily wealthypowerful but not Sociology 101 Page 1 extremely poor Core countries are exploiting the periphery buy raw materials for very little make products then sell them backfor a lot I Core appropriates surplus from periphery and keeps system in place by force I World capitalist economy very similar to Marx sjust on a larger scale Point shouldn tjust focus on inequality within countries but inequality between countries on a global scale I Wealthiest 20 of world pop is taking 827 of world income while poorest 20 has 14 quotchampagne glassquot distribution 0 Much greater gap than within countries The Nanny Chain Chain of childcare I Immigrant woman from poor country works as a nanny for a wealthy family in a wealthy country I Immigrant woman hires poor woman in poor country to be a nanny for her children Woman is not connected to her children as much any more so she projects her emotions on the child of the wealthy family the wealthy are importing emotions necessary to raise a child I Children of wealthy family benefitting off what children of poor family can t get Global stratification with respect to technology people in poor countries have less access to technology which prohibits them from being connected to the global economy Much of the limited access in places like Africa are cast offs from US Sociology 101 Page 2
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