New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Introductory Chemistry

by: Zita Brown

Introductory Chemistry CHM 109

Zita Brown
GPA 3.78

Ellen Siu

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Ellen Siu
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Chemistry

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Zita Brown on Saturday September 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CHM 109 at Grand Valley State University taught by Ellen Siu in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see /class/214389/chm-109-grand-valley-state-university in Chemistry at Grand Valley State University.


Reviews for Introductory Chemistry


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/26/15
This is a skeleton outline You are responsible for more The order I teach is different from the book This chapter is very hard to read especially the acid naming part It might be easier to get the information in class and only use the book as a last resort We will skip the acid naming system on page 156 in table 64 but you may need the information for OWL if I can t remove all those questions Ch 6 Chemical Nomenclature C amp P 4th ed revised fall 2009 Practice questions from the end of the chapter pp 171 answers from p 725 57911131517212529313335394147 61 Overview of the different naming systems we will learn elements started in Ch 3 nonmetal to nonmetal compounds started in Ch3 names of ions formed by one element metal to nonmetal compounds combinations of ions started in Ch 3 metal to polyatomic ions hydrates H to nonmetals or polyatomic ions these are acids neutral acid compounds lmU39lAwNA acidIc Ions 7 organic carbonbased compounds a few functional groups amp expanded Formulas we will do this part in Ch 13 62 Names and Formulas of Elements quick review we did this with Ch 3 1 the formula unit is the smallest unit of a substance that has all its characteristics 2 most elements are monatomic like gold Au or silver Ag 3 7 elements exist as diatomic molecules H2 N2 orses Need Qats for gear own eyes l2 63 Compounds Made from 2 NonMetals to the right of the Zig zag also done in Ch 3 1 called binary because they contain only 2 elements 2 their formulas units are all covalently bound so are molecules 3 the first element retains its name and has a prefix indicating how many atoms are in the formulamonoditritetrapentahexa 3 the second changes its ending to ide and has a prefix indicating how many atoms N203 is dinitrogen trioxide 4 exception if the metal has only one atom in the formula drop the mon CO carbon monoxide not monocarbon monoxide 64 Names and Formulas ofmformed by One Element 1 ions are atoms that have lost or gained electrons 2 negative ions are anions only nonmetals right ofzig zag form them or1 is chloride 3 general name for positive ions is cation metals all elements left ofzig zag form only cations ex Na H is sodium ion 4 most main group ions are predictable fro the ptable 5 metals make only ions ex Na M 2 when paired with nonmetals the nons become the negative ions and are written last ex Na 1 and Cl391 become NaCl 6 transition metal ions are not predictable but are always usually form many different ions Cr 2 is chromium ll ion and Cr3 is chromium Ill ion These transition metals one ion only Ag 1 Zn 2 Al 3 69 Names of lonic Compounds made from monatomic ions or polyatomic ions 1 these are named for the ions that their components would have formed the atoms while they are in the compound are not necessarily ions LiBr lithium bromide MgClz magnesium chloride 2 because they can go together only in certain proportions no numbers of atoms are indicated 3 when the metal is a transition metal use Roman numerals to show which ion is involved the numeral is the charge on one atom of the transition metal FeC2 ironll chloride FeCl3 ironlll chloride Roman numerals for1 6 l I III IV V VI 4 metals also join with polyatomic ions and are treated the same way Polyatomic ions are tightly bound groups of atoms that form a single unit that usually sticks together and acts like one entity NaZSO4 sodium sulfate FeSO4 ironll sulfate You must know nitrate chlorate sulfate phosphate carbonate hydroxide cyanide acetate and ammonium 5 polyatomic ions keep their own names in compounds 68 Howthe Formulas of lonic Compounds are Made a the compound is neutral so the charges of the ions must add up to O b if more than one ion is in the formula it goes in Fe2 0392 FeO iron II oxide NH 304239 NH4ZSO4 ammoniumsulfate 610 Hydrates Some compounds attract water and hold it in their crystal They appear dry CuSO4 5 H20 is copperll sulfate pentahydrate Anyhydrous is the term for these compounds when the water is gone Anhydrous ammonia is a deadly ingredient of meth 65 When H is the cation we call the substance ACID and use a different naming system 1 an acid is a substance that releases H into water the H is a proton it is so positively charged that it binds to a negative usually it joins a water molecule to form hydronium ion H3 2 in contrast bases are substances that put OH39 into water NaOH BaOH2 3 acids that release one hydrogen ion are monoprotic there are diprotic and polyprotics 4 binary acids have H and one other element HF is hydrofluoric acid H28 is hydrosulfuric acid 5 COMMON Oxyacids are H and a polyatomic ion chloric nitric sulfuric carbonic phosphoric acids ex H3PO4 67 polyprotic acids do not release all their H at one time so intermediate forms exist these are called acid anions because they have H therefore are acids too H2C03 9 H HC03139 hydrogen carbonate ion A Brief Introduction to the Naming of Organic carbonbased molecules we will do this in Ch 13 1 organic molecules contain chains and rings of carbon the number of C atoms is the starting point forthe name 1 C is meth 2 C is eth etc see table 212 on p 624 3 C is prop 4 C is but 6 C in a chain is hex 6 C in a ring is cyclohex 2 the second factor is whether there are only single bonds or if double or triple bonds exist between some carbons we will stick to only single bonds which use the ending ane fig 212 p 624 a 2 carbon molecule is ethane a 3 C molecule is propane 3 C must form 4 bonds so wherever there are vacancies hydrogen attaches


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.