SOC DIMENS OF RELIG
SOC DIMENS OF RELIG RELIG 377
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clarissa Breitenberg on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to RELIG 377 at Iowa State University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see /class/214537/relig-377-iowa-state-university in Religious Studies at Iowa State University.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
Introduction to the Sociology of Religion part 2 Christiano et al chapter 2 Some Theoretical Frameworks Functionalism was the dominant perspective in American sociology and the sociology of religion in the 1950s and 1960s Functionalism likens society to an organism With interconnected parts Religion was viewed as contributing to society by providing social solidarity However it did not seem to function that way in modern society Two responses 1 pessimism about the state of society 2 search for the real religion of society Con ict theory became important in American sociology in the 1970s but not so much in the sociology of religion Secularization theory see chapter 3 and the rise of new religious movements NRMs led to the demise of functionalism and the rise of a new paradigm The core proposition of this theoretical orientation is that religious choice making or religious action does not differ significantly as a process from other forms of choice making The model of the actor used by many in the new paradigm is unfortunately rational choice theory This approach has been used to explain the success of strict churches by reducing free riding and increasing religiosity of the religious elderly because they have religious capital invested Another tradition sociologie religieuse is an applied approach often used by religious institutions With quantifiable data baptism marriages attendance
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