Zoonotics and Biosafety
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This 3 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Allison Jasa on Thursday September 25, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to 101 at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 125 views.
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Date Created: 09/25/14
Zoonosis o Diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans o Of the infectious organisms known to be pathogenic to humans approximately 60 are zoonotic Transmission o Close contact direct o Vectors fomites vehicles environment o Viruses are generally named by how they are transmitted Disease vs Infection o A disease is an infection in which the functioning of the body or a part of the body is interfered with or damaged o A person or animal can have an infection but not show any signs Dead End Hosts o For zoonosis you need an infected animal a way for the agent to get from the animal to the human and you need a human o You get it and we don t pass it on Enzootic Diseases o Animal diseases that are native or normally present in an animal population Epizootic o Rapidly spreads in an animal population spreading out of its normal boundaries Foreign Animal Diseases FADs o Currently not found in the US o A disease accidentally introduced could have a great economic impact especially if animals are slaughtered to stop its spread Emerging Animal Diseases EAD o Can emerge from natural accidental and intentional occurrences o Mutation of a disease agent which can lead to the infection of a new animal host Rabies o Species Any mammal o Severity of disease Severe o Incubation period 10 days to six months o Prominent clinical signs restlessness anorexia or increased appetite vomiting fever paralysis increased aggression death Giardia o Species cattle sheep dogs cats o Severity mild o Incubation 5 14 days o Prominent signs adults may be asymptotic young diarrhea or soft stools poor hair coat atulence weight loss or failure to gain weight Listeriosis o Species cattle sheep goats pigs dogs cats o Severity moderate to severe O O Incubation 10 days to 3 weeks Prominent signs depression anorexia facial paralysis with profuse salivation circling incoordination head pressing abortions death Tuberculosis bovine o Species cattle sheep goats pigs dogs cats o Severity severe o Incubation variable o Prominent clinical signs chronic may be asymptomatic Weakness Cryptococcosis o Species cattle sheep goats horses dogs cats o Severity mild to severe o Incubation unknown o Prominent clinical signs cats chronic rhinitis sinusitis Leptospirosis o Species cattle sheep goats pigs horses dogs o Severity moderate to severe o Incubation 4 12 days o Prominent clinical signs cattle goats pigs sheep abortions decreased fertility calves and piglets fever diarrhea meningitis dogs variable hemorrhagic syndromes kidney disease horses ocular lesions Cysticercosis o Species cattle sheep goats pigs dogs cats bears llamas rabbits rodents non human primates wild ruminants o Severity moderate to severe o Incubation 10 days to 6 months o Prominent clinical signs severity of clinical signs depend upon number and location of larvae goats and sheep fever head tilt circling cattle and pigs fever muscle Weakness dogs and cats neurological signs Q Fever coxiella burnetii O O O 0 Species cattle sheep goats Severity moderate to severe Incubation 23 weeks Prominent signs heart disease chills nausea vomiting abdominal pain fever Prevention 0 OOOOOOOOOO Occupational health surveillance Vaccinations Respiratory protection PPE personal protective equipment Injury reporting Hygiene practices Secure perimeter of farm Prevent run off from entering your farm Deliveries to perimeter of farm Employees travel from farm to farm PPE Employes must recognize and report diseases OOOOO 0 Share equipment between farms Cleaned Restrict Visitors to specific areas Keep records for every animal Record Vaccination and treatment protocols Clean all debris from equipment before disinfection Read product labels Clean Up Wash Up Be safe 0 0 Wash your hands completely dry your hands Alcohol sanitizers are ok if your hands are not heavily soiled
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