New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Haylee O'Hara


Haylee O'Hara
GPA 3.74


Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Political Science

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Haylee O'Hara on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POL S 215 at Iowa State University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see /class/214555/pol-s-215-iowa-state-university in Political Science at Iowa State University.




Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/27/15
Organizational Theory Defining Organizations A Formal apparatus of administration generic B quotGroups of individual human members assembled in regular ways and established structures and procedures dividing and specializing labor to perform a mission or achieve an objective Allison amp Zelikow EoD p145 ll Three of AampZ39s key features of organizations see p14546 A Create capabilities to achieve some aims but constrain ability to achieve other aims B Develop organizational culture and identity socialize members develop norms C Possess bundle oftechnoogies notjust artifacts but knowledge of how to create or achieve certain aims lll Value of Organizations A Achieve selected ends efficiently B Necessary to process vast quantities of information 1 quotBoundedquot rationality of individuals 2 Flawed parts create better quotwholequot C Essential rationalization of policy lV Pathologies of Organizations A Myopic goal seeking B Management oftime and resources generates tradeoffs between efficiency getting the job done cheaply and quickly and effectiveness getting the job done as well as possible Organizationcentered interests form distinct from superior political units organizational biases Irrationality of organizations 1 Time and information load tradeoffs yield irrational outputs 2 Outputs generate identities and interests tail wags the dog E Hierarchy v democracy do organizations dominate society F Dysfunctional PathDependency SOPs and cultures are deeply institutionalized limiting ability to change 0 U V What Makes Organizations Change A B 0 Budget Feast more money new areas to become involved or opportunity to strengthen existing roles Prolonged Budget Famine need to decide which missions are more important Drastic Failure public failure of established SOPs leads to internal and external pressure for change All of us need to be reminded that the Federal Government did not create the States the States created the Federal Government Ronald Reagan Jan 1981 The Union is older than any of the States and in fact it created them as States Abraham Lincoln July 1861 ls United States a Compact of Republics or a Compound Republic Why It Matters Federal v state government claims to authority Civil War and civil rights struggle Nature of American nationalism and national identity Argument for the Compact of Republics Language of the Declaration of Independence The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America Representatives of the united States of America That these United Colonies are and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States that as Free and Independent States they have full Power to levy War conclude Peace contract Alliances establish Commerce and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do Explicit Statement Articles of Confederation Art ll Each state retains its sovereignty freedom and independence and every power jurisdiction and right which is not by this confederation expressly delegated to the United States in Congress assembled Argument for the Compound Republic Declaration has nil legal basis or popular consent drafted by Continental Congress not colonies or peoples of colonies CC delegates were only appointed by only 5 colonial governments Declaration issued jointly not separately No colony constituted itself as a state without CC permission Articles of Confederation derive from CC activity drafted by CC in Nov 1777 ratified in March 1781 by all CC colonies o Cornwallis defeated at Yorktown in Oct 1781 0 Peace treaty with Britain in Sep 1783 Constitution is a new political creation We the People not Patrick Henry s We the States no mention of sovereignty but Art Vl supremacy Art IV Sec 4 The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government Madison has compound governments state and federal governments but state and federal governments derive authority from constitution sovereignty rests in the United States of America but apparatus and authority of government divided Would the US be a nation if it were otherwise


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.