INTR CMPAR GOVT&POL
INTR CMPAR GOVT&POL POL S 241
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Haylee O'Hara on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POL S 241 at Iowa State University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see /class/214556/pol-s-241-iowa-state-university in Political Science at Iowa State University.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
Conceptual Recap State as apparatus of power and administration Government as individuals to who rule the state Regime system for deciding who governs the state and regulating the broad boundaries of state authority Institutions Institutions are the humanly devised constraints that structure political economic and social interaction They consist of both informal constraints sanctions taboos customs traditions and codes of conduct and formal rules constitutions laws property rights Douglass C North Institutions Journal of Economic Perspectives 51 Winter 1991 97 What do institutions do enable and constrain actors normative institutions will constrain some political ideas and enable other political ideas 0 eg institutions of religious tolerance and disestablishment constrain majority religious groups and enable minority religious groups and secularist groups formal institutions will enable some political actors and constrain others 0 eg proportional representation systems enables smaller parties and constrains larger parties firstpastthepost or plurality systems enable larger parties and constrain smaller parties institutions matter when they persist and when they are regularly complied with Societal Institutions Actors and Forces Society persons and organizations within the boundaries of the polity but not part ofthe state 0 Civil society organized associations independent of the state usually excluding primarily economic organizations like firms and unions Usual associations for purposes other than politics eg amateur sports team social club 0 Interest groups an organized groups advancing a political agenda in the material interest of the group Principled interest groups an organized groups advancing a political agenda based on a set of principles beliefs of fact causation and rectitude ratherthan collective material interest 0 Firms and unions are economic interest groups human rights and pro and antiabortion groups are principled interest groups 0 Social movements an aggrieved class of persons mobilizing on a widespread basis 0 Political parties Political Parties institutions of democratic regimes What are parties v what role do parties perform is v ought question 0 are parties essential to democracy 0 are parties essential to mass democracy or modern representative democracy in polities with nearuniversal adult suffrage Parties as institutions that enable and constrain citizens o Organize political activity run candidates provide information 0 Limit independent candidates structure governments along partisan lines generate propaganda
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