JUS 444 - Week 6 Notes
JUS 444 - Week 6 Notes JUS 444
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kali Notetaker on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to JUS 444 at Arizona State University taught by Dr. Richter in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Environmental Justice in Environmental Science at Arizona State University.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
JUS 444 Week 61 Review White privilege as a part of societal history exerting pressure today What does it mean in society to be a certain colour race as social concept 0 A different evaluation on someone because of their skin colour Different kinds of justice 0 Distributive o Participatory 0 Recognition How do these relate to riskuncertainty quotSuccessquot in E cases ASL LES Article Potential exam questions 0 Achieve desired outcome 0 Variables Organizational structure Resource levels funding and donations from extra local groups Protest tactics nonviolent disruptive Framing of grievances collective action Political opportunities structural factors political climate and context 0 LES and Claiborne Proposal bring LES to Claiborne Parish Bring 750 million facility 400 jobs No communication with residents closest to plant 0 The people closest to the development had no consideration due to race NRS licensing commences wo consideration of El issues Historical context of uranium production not considered Organization of CANT Forest Grove and Center Springs role of LDEQ Fears over safety health unmet promises and utility rates go up 0 Ultimate issue What is LES leaves What is the accountability Collective Action Frame 0 Seven years of legal battle 0 Combined resources nation and legal support Request NRS to do analysis and suggest alternatives NRC did a partial ruling 1997 said there are elements of ER present 0 LES nancially unstable issues with pollutants 0 Strategic delay tactic works LES withdraws permit requests April 22 1998 0 Agriculture Street Land ll New Orleans 1981 19091950 s municipal land ll 1965 Location for trash from Hurricane Best received ash from other incinerators including medical 1970 s1980 s Residential HUD site 47 acres of land ll with homes apartment community center and school Targeted lowincome AfricanAmericans Contamination Trash in yards debris in garden fence example cow carcass Higher than average rates of cancer discover of dump EPA study 1986 lead zinc arsenic mercury cadmium Dilemma dangerous enough to be deemed a Superfund site but not enough for federal relocation Success 1999 Con icting science information grassroots and EPA Political context No interest from EPA to see this as an El issue didn t believe that there was any level of 39clean that could make the area livable Lack of representation legal No relocation but remediation 20 million remove top 2 feet of land and replace with new soil quotLast chancequot letter divide and conquer Success Whywhy not LES halted construction but moved to another community 0 Prevention nondisplacing goal 0 Timing Fed looking for EJ cases political opportunity 0 Outside support 0 Effective delay tactics ASL no relocation but remediation instead 0 Fewer political opportunities 0 Superfund already in place to address issue 0 Few high level allies 0 Corporate actors and industrial operations in place 0 Race and power linked to outcomes who has control in de ning risks to a community 0 Risk perception why are risks perceived different by different social groups 0 Back to Beck where does risk begin and end 1020 0 Risk Perception O 0 How are risks de ned articulated and translated Who is affected who is isolated Risk personi ed O O O quotIrrational fearsquot Delocalization of risks makes it harder to quantifyunderstand Public sense of controldecisions value of property trust in social institutions More information as the solution Experts quantitative assessments based on morbidity and mortality Lay people more complex nuanced Lived experience may not match expert assessment 0 Radiation cancer clusters quotstatistically insigni cantquot population Reassessing risks 0 O 0 Gender women perceive greater risks on every category Race minorities perceive greater risks than nonminorities Historically positions of less power and control Bene ts less from technologies and institutions Vulnerable to discrimination Sociopolitical factors quotlow risk white malequot Worldview hierarchical individualistic fatalistic and equalitarian Trust in technology not government Stigma less acknowledgment of stigma 0 Julie Sze Boundaries and Border Wars 0 Argument Examine the technologically polluted bodies Seemingly complete and natural borders are transgressedpolluted by the technological man made and synthetic Hybrid creatures animal human female with non machine based technologies 0 Explore boundary breakdowns o How is the delocalization of risk related to technologically pouted bodies Delocalization spatial temporal social Transgressing traditional boundaries and de nitions Where is power Marked on and in the body who decided what chemical contaminants we take into our bodies 0 Locating Environment New conceptualization of 39the environment not 39out there but 39in here Challenges the idea s of purity no essential state of being 0 No clean human 0 Examples DES DES and daughters 0 Medical history 0 O O O 1938 rst synthesized noted hormonal effects in lab workers 1940 s scienti c article both carcinogenic and treating menopause First uses for preventing miscarriages 1953 Clinical doubleblind study shows ineffective at preventing miscarriages 1950 s1970 s Prescribed to pregnant mothers prepubescent girs bring on puberty and prevent 39excessive height 1958 Banned in agriculture use 1960 s used for hormonal treatment of advanced breast caner 1971 con rmed link between DES and cancer sti prescribed as a morningafter pill offlabel though manufacturer recommended against 1975 FDA claims it never given approval for postcoital use 1997 stopped manufacturing worldwide DES effects o Carcinogenic linked to rare vaginal cancers in women as well as cervical and breast cancers intergenerational Tetrogen intergenerational o lntersexuality in male children Still being studied 0 Transgeneration Epigenetic changes over generations 0 Thalidomide 19571961 Worldwide babies born with phocomelia DES and Gender Construction 0 Female identity and hormones o Chickens and women why different 0 approaches Visible effects versus in utero effects Construction of masculinity and femininity Cyborgs and women 0 We are all cyborgshybrids chemicals affect everyone including babies 0 Beyond gender race and class to become new transhuman gures My Year of Meats industrial food production 0 She is critiquing xed identities Tech process to control nature and maximize efficiency of nature 0 Hybrid as warning signal and opportunity normalization of violence and women s bodies global consumption and advertising Supposedly 39pure areas 0 1980 s discovery of POPs in the region 0 Pesticides insecticides fungicides chemicals Bioaccumulation breast milk 0 Health affects infection and immunity behavioural development 0 Lack of recognition of risks of producing chemicals and releasing them into nature Technology Risk and the body Technologies have material effects on the body and in the body Delocalization effects transgenerational across borders unique social problems that are un xable must be managed into perpetuity 0 Can t normalize exposure or quantify effects Bodies especially women intimately shaped by industrial pollution Displacement of risks onto unwilling unaware populations Challenge the simple notion that technology progress Major points Understand complexities of the intersection of race and power where is power mobilized Framework ofjustice distributive recognition participatory Historical context of E Concepts siting and intentionality white privilege and its historical repercussions scale of production and distribution of environmental harms global to local risk production Review for Exam Texts 0 Main points of each article and come up with an examples 0 Example White privilege example redlining o Delocalization of risk example greenbelt movement or DES daughters or POPs
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