History Notes 9/25
History Notes 9/25 hIST 1020
Popular in World history 2
Popular in History
This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Notetaker on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to hIST 1020 at Auburn University taught by Hamilton in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 46 views. For similar materials see World history 2 in History at Auburn University.
Reviews for History Notes 9/25
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/27/15
History Exam 2 92715 1044 AM Cotton and Colonies Key terms and concepts Conjunctures global industrial revolution Indian textiles Mughals cottage industry manufactories water wheel fall line mechanized cotton gin British textile industry Final is not cumulative but keep notes to refer back because concepts build on each other Eurocentric narrative The industrial revolution is Eurocentric 0 Starts in England and spreads out there Spread thorough west Europe9 eastern Europe Asia Across the Atlantic 9 Africa Today 0 It seems like everyone is waiting for a model of progress and development 0 It doesn t necessarily come out of England just comes TOGETHER in England Happens in the WorldGlobal Network a Chinese material African workers etc U Need all the components 0 Industrial revolution 0 Mass markets 0 Machines 0 Manufacturing Global Industrial Revolution 0 Conjuncture of global factors and conditions 0 Not about cultural superiority 0 European hard working behind Protestant revolution 0 There s an underneath reason 0 People are working together on one goal 0 1750 a huge network of global trade was already set in stone 0 Asia was center to this global network The had the large majority 80 of finished products o Europeans were produces stuff for their own local goods Crops and tea silk and cloth from China and India 0 Colonies in the Americans give great resources Commercial crops 0 British navy was strong at this time First industrial product cotton textiles England 0 Cotton fibers are grown in wet and warm areas refer to map Extremely labor intensive a Farm it harvest it separate from seeds spin to thread and yarn then weave into cloth Makes it expensive and therefore hard to make it profitable a Only profitable that have low costs of labor The worst place for this Britain I Also had the highest labor costs 0 11 g of silver a day expensive I Not wet or warm Best place for this India a Hot and wet irrigation systems a High productivity 0 Everything seems to grow well here food 0 Grow a lot of cotton for really cheap In this era this cost of labor was based on the cost of food a 6080 of pay check went to food a so in India food was cheap and didn t have to pay workers as much 2g of silver a day a cost less to live better in India even though they make less money the quality of live for both them and England are the same price of labor corresponds with the cost of the final product Preindustrial textiles in Global markets 0 An industrial products is produced in mass quantities run on alternate energy other than human energy water and stream 0 INDIA high agricultural yields lowpriced food relatively low wages 9 global competitive advantage Have been doing this for so long old and therefore have perfected the technique and advanced technology a Best textiles in the world I Have a way to dye it even in patterns calico In England tries to do this too fails Low cost and better quality 0 EUROPE low agricultural yields highpriced food relatively high wages global competitive disadvantage Indian Textiles India is the producer of cotton and clothe 0 Ship everywhere 0 Africa 0 Middle East 0 Europe 0 Americas 0 Indian words 0 Shaw 0 Bandana o It crept into our houses our closets and bedchambers curtains cushions chairs and at last beds themselves were nothing but Calicoes or Indian stuffsquot 17th century Englishman Indian Subcontinent It was not a country 0 It was a subcontinent ruled by various princes see map on slide 0 Empire Mughals 0 Europe wants their goods Great textiles spices chemicals gun powder indigo diamonds oatmeal 0 Europe fights internally about trade with India 0 There is fighting among India 0 Have to negotiate with the rulers local leaders 0 Image Go Nativequot 0 O O Mughal emperor being transported European women and Indian dress After trading posts they had to negotiate and adapt into their culture they would often marry the local princes and the Mughal Emperor himself The British textiles manufacturers don t like India because cant fight with them Recall the British Civil War left bourgeoisie in control therefore they must be very responsive to the drive of trade European Cottage Industry MachinesIndustrial Revolution created 0 O O breathing roomquot more techniques now they can compete redirect profits to the nation profits not just the local profits shifting away from the way labor was done before 0 before it was called the Cottage Industry 0 O O 0 pick it women and children fix it dad take to the bourgeoisie sell it 0 Organization change of putting spinner and weaver in one place the manufactory O Advantage Increase labor discipline control their hours Produce more quantity Economy of scale a Makes it more efficient 0 Locations Large equipment and expensive I Only the manufactories can afford a WaterPowered Machines 0 Have to be next to a river specifically a waterfall cause water is running pretty fast 0 Used in 14th century China 0 Its part of the conjuncture that make it so great Geography tells you things about history a Fall Line 0 Levels of elevation have different kinds of rock and a fall line occurs when two different kinds meet up and they are at different levels if water runs over it it makes a waterfall a Successful townsmajor towns from early American history are created on the fall line 0 Auburn Moore s Mills Road Quarry Bank Mill Manchester England Still functional today One of the most powerful water mills ever built Uses water power instead of human power makes things go so much faster taking less labor hours and the cost comes down A 30 rise in textile cloth in England Over night New organization and a conjunction of factors English industrialist looked at the costs of raw materials what was another factos The Cotton Gin The Mechanized Cotton Gin Indians had been using for centuries before The was the first mechanized ran by a hand frank then into a horse or water wheel 50lbs everyday 0 BOX more than a person working revolutionized Cotton production producing and cleaning the cotton these where we had to make a change to see max profit o the more cotton produced the more money you can make 0 England had a unlimited want for the cotton to make more and more cloth 0 Farmers stopped making food and started making cotton 0 Image Slave family picking cotton There was more demand for people to produce cotton Ran by plantation ran by slave labor 7000009 32 million raggedy clothes of slaves were the ones being made from their labor in Europe 0 By 1860 the slave labor in the US produced 60 of world wide cotton and 80 for Europe Triangle Trade El El El El El Slaves picked 250300 pounds of cotton a clay Plantation owners turned in cotton mill Clean cotton sold to Europe Europe produced cloth 0 Price and quality not as great as Indian cloth but its working its way there Europe took the cloth back to colonies or to Africa where transportation costs were high able to sell there Cloth became a factor of several goods they traded for slaves Slaves then worked for cotton plantations After slave trade was abolished would trade for rubber and palm oil both served a purpose in industrial Revolution Cotton Conjunctu res 0 Factors contributing to industrialization in Britain 0 England s procommerce government Probusiness government We have the reorganization of labor El El Technologies River mill n Protectionist regulations make competition better a Competitive because of government interference 0 Heavy trade with American SouthEast 0 New inventions mechanized cotton gin 0 African slavery laborers and raw materials BUT British textiles are still at a global competitive disadvantage to Indian textiles British is at a disadvantage all over the world but don t let that effect them 92715 1044 AM 92715 1044 AM
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'