Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI)
Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) PSYC 3070
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michelle Notetaker on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3070 at Bowling Green State University taught by Pat Nebl in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see Human Sexuality in Psychlogy at Bowling Green State University.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
Sexually Transmitted Infections STls This year 197 million Americans will contract an STI 110136 million cases on STI in the USA 1 in 4 teens has an STI the result of either bacteria or viruses single celled organisms with no nucleus and simple genetic material prokaryotic protein casing around genetic material which cannot duplicate without a living host cell Bacterial STls ln old testament and described by Greek physicians 3500 years old lnfects mucous membrane through contact urethra vagina rectum throat mouth etc Symptoms puslike discharge from urethravagina irritation and burning sensation during urination 6590 of males display symptoms only 2040 of females display symptoms untreated can spread to rest of reproductive system potentially sterility becoming highly resistant to antibiotics Lives only in mucous membranes like gonorrhea Early symptoms similar to gonorrhea discharge irritation and burning of the urethra Almost 90 of women and a large proportion of men don t show these symptoms If left untreated it spreads through the reproductive system similar to gonorrhea but much more potent 3 times more likely to cause sterility in woman than gonorrhea can be treated with antibiotics CDC recommends all sexually active women under 26 get annual screenings Responsible for death of 100 million people in the 20th century Can be passed through the blood as well as mucous membrane Four stages of symptoms appearing after 1090 days Chancre sore at site where bacterica entered the body for 1014 days itchess painless rash all over the body 46 weeks after chancre heals symptoms disappear after several weeks to a year and then years of no signs ucers damage to heart and blood vessels and dementia from invasion of central nervous system Easily eradicated with antibiotics Viral STls Two types of the virus type 1 or 2 but both can be oral or genital oral herpes passed easily genital almost always through sexual contact three stages of symptoms lasting 16 days tinging burning or itching of contacted area painfu uid lled blisters form possible u like symptoms the sores develop scales and form scabs less severe recurrent attacks no cure but antivirals relieve symptoms ora contact with infected feces usually nonsexual through infected blood and body uid saliva semen vaginal secretions can cause a number of liver diseases bood to blood contact more Americans now die of Hepatitis C than HIVAIDS Antivirals can manage symptoms and vaccines exist for A and B Genital Human Papillomavirus Most commonly sexually transmitted infections in the USA 40 types of this 80 of sexually active teens will be infected three broad categories cause a rare skin condition cause nongenital warts cause genital warts 90 of genital warts are caused by HPV women with HPV are at greater risk for cervical cancer highly effective vaccines are available HIV and AIDS caused from SIV n colonial French Equatorial Africa around 1931 passed through sexual contact exposure to infected blood and from mother to infant HV attacks a certain type of lymphocyte white blood cellswhich is important in recognizing infectious agents so antibodies can be produced