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Imperial China

by: Desiree Notetaker

Imperial China History 110a

Desiree Notetaker
Cal State Fullerton
GPA 3.77

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Outline of the chapter
World Civilizations
Class Notes
burning of the books, Han dynasty, Qin dynasty, Sui Dynasty, Tang Dynasty, China
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Desiree Notetaker on Thursday March 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 110a at California State University - Fullerton taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views.


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Date Created: 03/17/16
IMPERIAL CHINA –WORLD CIVILIZATIONS  Quin Emperor  Era of the Warring States: during Zhou dynasty. Effective central government control became  nonexistent. Long period of intra­Chinese struggle. Until 220 BCE.  Quin Dynasty: succeeded Zhou rule. Adopted Legalist doctrines. Unified the country with  military force and administrative reorganization. The king, Shih Huang­di called First Emperor, ruled all of China for 11years. In 9years, the six largest states surrendered to Quin, and the  country became unified. Expanded to north and south. Established Great Wall to keep  Mongolian invaders out. Engaged in torture and harsh treatment.  Burning of the books: eradicate Confucius philosophy.  Shih Huang­di died and his son became his successor. Due to heavy taxation and unrest, the son  was overthrown.  Han Dynasty Greatly expanded Chinese borders. Trade extended to India, Persia and Mediterranean. Became  controlling factor in military, political and commercial life.  Han Synthesis: oversaw by Wu­di. New, imperial Confucian ideology and blended three  systems of thought. Legalist obedience owed by the people.  More information of ancient China is kept than any other ancient world because scripts are kept.  Mathematics, geography and astronomy led to innovations like the compass, papermaking and  block printing. Acupuncture was used. Production of silk, bronze work, jade figurines, fine  ceramics and other arts during this time.  Canals and roads were built. Large cities and markets came into existence. Government officials  were chosen through written examinations, but to take the final exam the candidates had to take  other tests. Meritocracy: bring the best to the service.  China set missions to contact the Romans for trade, but they had little interest.  The emperor was killed before meeting his goals. Result = chaos; Later Han Dynasty, it broke  down into anarchy. The conflict resulted in a political division. North dominated by kingdom of  Wei and South, the dividing line being the Yangzi River.  Tang Dynasty The Sui dynasty went through authoritarian reforms. Declined because of invasion and rebellion. Tang dynasty succeeded; economically improved lives. Recreated a bureaucracy based on  Confucian ethics and the merit system. An imperial university helped students get through  examinations.  Vietnamese resisted Chinese attempts to colonize them  The capital, Changan, became one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the world.  In the 700’s, the entire country was in war and bloody anarchy resulted in the ninth century and  divided country. The educated Chinese favored the idea of a single government, disliked  division.  Buddhism and Culture  Buddhism was greatest foreign cultural influence. Appealed to the Chinese.  A reaction against it was a political power phenomenon. Tang Dynasty exploited nativist  sentiment against the religion.  Neo­Confucians insisted that all must partake of social life. Thought formal education in morals,  art and science was necessary.  An educated and powerful man was to have skill in paining and music.  221 – 206 BCE  Qin Dynasty 202 BCE – 220 CE  Han Dynasty  220 – 580 CE  China divided 580 – 618 CE  Sui Dynasty reunifies  China  618 – 907 CE  Tang Dynasty 


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