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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Louise Notetaker on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 447 at University of Alabama at Birmingham taught by Douglas P Fry in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
Chapterl key terms gt Aggression The in iction of pain harm or injury on other individuals It can be Director Indirect It can be Verbaor Physical Note that aggression means very different things to different people or in different contexts gt Con ict A perceived divergence of interests where interests are broadly conceptualized to include values needs goals and wishes between two or more parties often accompanied by feelings of anger or hostility gt Violence Severe Physical Aggression gt War quotA group activity carried on by members of one community against members of another community in which it is the primary purpose to in ict serious injury or death on multiple nonspeci ed members of that other community or in which the primary purpose makes it highly likely that serious injury or death will be in icted on multiple nonspeci ed members of that community in the accomplishment of that primary purposequot gt Peace peace can be negative or positive The absence of war or Prosociality cooperation helping altruism justice equality well being caring security and so on Peace also values such as tolerance for differences acceptance of diversity support of equality rights justice and fairness are peace Peace also entails the nonviolent and prosocial ways that humans can and do deal with most con icts through discussion mediation turning the other cheek therapy ritualization the courts and just walking away all without violence Peace is not an endpoint but an ongoing process Positive peace is when people respect each other that is peace when people befriend each other that also is peace when people care for each other naturally that is peace Peace is not merely the absence of violence and war but it is the normal state of affairs that we are so accustomed to that we take it for granted Peace entails prosocial values that include a concern for others in society gt Collective security A view of security that acknowledges interdependence No one is secure unless all are secure gt Human security This concept relates to Positive Peace For security human beings need shelter healthcare adequate food clean water and safety Human security involves equity justice human rights and political participation gt Sustainable development Use of resources and energy so that the needs of present generation take into consideration the needs of future generations Using resources so as not to upset the Earth s ecological balance
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