PSYCH1010: Pavlovian Conditioning
PSYCH1010: Pavlovian Conditioning PSY 1010
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelly Parsley on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 1010 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by Paul J Watson (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 66 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
PSYCH1010 Introduction to Psychology Dr Watson Wednesday 92315 INTRODUCTION TO CONDITIONING 1 What final generalization about persons might eliminative reductionists use to summarize their overall position 0 A person is an information unit peop1e receive process and transmit information 2 What does this generalization imply about the structure of persons The causes of persons are completely inside the skin 3 What specific structures are associated With the three functions Within persons that are implied by this generalization Receive sensory receptors that receive infostimuli from the environment 0 Process interneurons between receptors and effectors Transmit effectors such as hormone changes and movement 4 With regard to the NatureNurture controversy how is learning relevant Nurture causes of persons are completely outside the Skin learn through Xp ri nC 0 Behaviorism believe the cause of a person is through nurtureexperience 5 How does the position of John B Watson illustrate the relevance of learning 39 Wrote the book Behaviorism 39 Defined behaviorism by examining the environment in Which individuals live 6 What broad school of thought is associated With the work of John B Watson 10 ll 12 13 39 Behaviorism How might conditioning be defined informally 39 Conditioning learning How might the concept conditioned be defined more formally Conditioned adapted modified or molded by the environment As it relates to conditioned behavior what does the word molded imply about the role of the body in causing persons 39 Molding imagine that the body is a lump of clay and the environment is a sculpture that shapes the body into different forms What two kinds of behaviors are associated with the two forms of conditioning 39 Involuntary and voluntary When we talk about voluntary and involuntary responses in this course what do we mean Are we making any broad philosophical assumptions about free will when we use these terms Involuntary behavior behavior one cannot start and stop on command example dilate pup s also called classical conditioning respondent conditioning or Pavlovian Conditioning Voluntary behavior behavior one can start and stop on command example raise hand What was the first form of conditioning to be systematically studied by scientists What three terms are used to name this form of conditioning and what do these terms imply Who was the first scientist to systematically explore this first form of conditioning 0 Ivan Pavlov E B Twitmyer wrote the first paper but Pavlov formally explored it 39 He was not a psychologist but rather a world class physiologist digested physiology and won a Nobel Prize l4 Explain how the research interests of this scientist led him to focus on the conditioned salivary responses of dogs 0 He wanted to see how salivary glands responded to food so he implanted a device into dogs39 mouths to collect salivation 15 When this scientist talked about psychic re exes what was he talking about 39 Example the dog anticipated food and began to salivate because he had assOCiath Pavlov39s presence with food 39 Psychic re exes response based on anticipation Friday 92515 PAVLOVIAN CONDITIONING aka classical conditioning and respondent conditioning 1 What are the four components of any classical conditioning situation unconditioned stimulus UCS unconditioned response UCR conditioned stimulus CS and conditioned response CR 2 How might those components be defined informally unconditioned stimulus unleamed stimulus unconditioned response unleamed response conditioned stimulus learned stimulus conditioned response learned response 3 How would those components be defined formally 0 unconditioned stimulus environmental event that automatically produces a specific response Without any learning at all unconditioned response behavior automatically produced by the UCS 0 conditioned stimulus an initially neutral environmental event that comes to produce a behavior like the UCR by being paired With the UCS 39 conditioned response behavior produced by the CS 01106 1681mng has OCCUITGd 4 Use Pavlov s research into psychic re exes to illustrate how these four components operate in a classical conditioning situation In other words in his procedures What were the unconditioned stimulus the unconditioned response the CS CH conditioned stimulus and the conditioned response 56 l I q f 62 V 04 UCS food 1 39 P 39 UCR salivation M C S F gtbl C R pOOd SOLya f 0 39 CS ringing bell paired With food at first then food removed 39 CR salivation 5 What are the three additional processes 39 Extinction generalization and discrimination 6 What is extinction 0 Unconditioning gradual elimination of a learned response through the removal of the environmental controls of that response behavior that has been stopped due to a removal of UCS 0 Spontaneous Recovery sudden reappearance of a previously extinguished response 10 How is extinction produced in classical conditioning 39 The UCS is removed for a prolonged period of time What is generalization Spread of behavior learned in one environment to other similar environments 0 Example responses conditioned in high school might transfer to behavior in college What is discrimination when the term is applied to conditioning 39 Process of learning to display different behaviors to different stimulienvironments 39 Example one39s behavior is different at a party than it W0111d 136 during ChurCh 0116 may interact differently With a friend than With a professor How might classical conditioning processes be used to explain the early development and the later generalization and extinction of conditioned emotional responses ie the story of the person Who had an abusive father early in life 39 Normal process dad beating gt fear 39 CS gt CR dad gt fear Second stimulus mom comforting gt calm CS gt CR mom gt calm Later in life Boss gt Fear g neralization 39 The boss is nothing but supportive Boss gt no abuse gt less fear each time until fear is completely gone Sometimes you may be surprised by the arrival of the boss and fear returns spontaneous recovery but it disappears 11 How might classical conditioning be used to explain the war between the sexes 39 Opposite sex gt betrayal gt anger 39 Eventually this betrayal is expected so anger is attached to the presence of the opposite sex this can cause difficulty When dating
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