Chapter1Part1LectureOutline.pdf HDFS 225
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brittany Ballog on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 225 at Michigan State University taught by Sherrell Hicklen House in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Lifespan Human Development in the family in HDFS at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
Chapter 1 Lecture Outline Continuity and Change in Development To live is to change Change occurs across many dimensions biological psychological emotionalsocial Many aspects of our lives carry across different life periods and are continuous 0 Example gender roles personalities The Study of Human Development Elements of change and constancy Orderly and sequential changes that occur With the passage of time as an organism from conception to death Developmental psychology branch of psychology that deals With how individuals change With time remaining the same in some respects Goals of Developmental Psychologists Describe the changes that typically occur across the human life span Explain these changes to specify the determinants of developmental change Predict developmental changes Control or intervene in the course of events Major Domains of Development Physical Development changes that occur in a person s body 0 Example puberty Cognitive development changes that occur in a person s mental activity 0 Example ability to think abstractly Emotionalsocial development changes that concern a person s personality emotions and relationships With others All factors are intertwined in every aspect of development Developmental changes takes place in three fundamental domains physical cognitive and emotionalsocial Processes of Development Growth refers to increase in size that occurs With changing age 0 Increase in the number of an individual s cells Maturation the unfolding of biological potential in a set irreversible sequence 0 The development of the individual s organs and limbs in relation to their ability to function Learning the modification in behavior that results from the individual s experience in the environment VI VII Bronfenbrenner s Ecological Approach Environmental context is important in understanding human development The study of developmental in uences must include 0 The person s changing physical and social settings 0 The relationship among those settings 0 How the process is affected by the society in Which the settings are embedded Microsystem network of social relationships and physical settings in Which a person is involved each day Mesosystem interrelationships among various settings in Which a person is immersed Exosystem social structure that directly or indirectly affect a person s life Macrosystem overarching cultural patterns of society Chronosystem the dimension of time change and constancy in the individual and in society act 0 5 yrs 399 39 egoSVSteb Ez td eso S Vs 99 i X o 5 VS 3 Work Work Schooi Parent s Work Environ ment Family wid 5 9 Family Siblings School SEbEings Neighborhoods Peers Culture Peers quot Mass Media Economic System The Timing of Developmental Events Normative agegraded in uences 0 Strong relation to chronological age 0 Physical cognitive and psychological changes Normative history graded in uences 0 Unique for each age cohort birth cohort 0 Exposed to a unique segment in history 0 Example the Great Depression Nonnormative life events 0 Unique turning points at Which people change some direction of their lives 0 Example divorce VIII Cultural and Historical Perspectives Culture social heritage of people 0 Learned patterns for thinking feeling and acting that are transmitted from on generation to the next All societies divide biological time into socially relevant units 0 Age Strata I Social layers based on time periods in life I Mobility from one age stratum to the next is largely biologically determine and irreversible I Example birth puberty adulthood and death Social norms expectations that specify What constitutes appropriate and inappropriate behaviors for individuals at various periods in the life span
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