Chapter6LectureOutline.pdf HDFS 225
Popular in Lifespan Human Development in the family
Popular in HDFS
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brittany Ballog on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 225 at Michigan State University taught by Sherrell Hicklen House in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Lifespan Human Development in the family in HDFS at Michigan State University.
Reviews for Chapter6LectureOutline.pdf
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 09/27/15
Chapter 6 Outline 1 Emotional Development The Role of Emotions O Emotions physiological changes subjective experiences and expressive behaviors that are involved in such feelings such as love joy grief and anger 0 Processes by which individuals establish maintain and terminate relations between themselves and their environment 11 Functions of Emotions Help humans survive and adapt to their environment Guide and motivate human behavior Support communication with 111 Social Referencing An inexperienced person relies on a more experienced person s interpretation of an event to regulate subsequent behavior Begins during the first days of infancy Infants look at their parents for reassurance when confronted with new or unusual events IV Ten Fundamental Emotions Interest enjoyment surprise sadness anger disgust fear shyness shame guilt V Attachment An affectionate bond that one individual forms for another that endures across time and space Expressed in behaviors that promote proximity and contact Behaviors displaced by infants include smiling crying calling approaching following clinging Related to infant s level of cognitive development 0 Differentiate between mother s and strangers 0 Person permanence recognize that their mother s exist when they are not visible VI What is the Course of Attachment First Stage first months 0 Arousal from all parts of environment Second state around 3 months 0 Indiscriminate attachment responsive to all human beings Third state around 7 months 0 Specific attachments to people VII How do Attachments Form Ethological Perspective Adaptive for survival 0 Attachment behaviors have biological underpinnings O Mothers and infants are endowed with innate tendencies to be close to each other Learning Perspective 0 Attachments develops as a result of the infant s acquired need to be close to the mother 0 Mother and baby are rewarded for closeness O Socialization process VIII Who are the Objects of Attachment Mother Father Grandparent Mother and another person nanny teacher child care or day care center IX Early Relationships and Attachment Theory Maternal Responsiveness and the Strange Situation Mary Aimsworth 0 Security attached infants infants who greet their mother s warmly when she returned 0 Insecureavoidant infants infants who ignored or avoided their mother she returned 0 Insecureresistant infants infants reluctant explore a new setting cling to mother and hide from stranger O Disorganizeddisoriented infants lack coherent coping strategies during separation episodes X Goodness of Fit Match between characteristics of infants and their families 0 Good match fosters optimal development 0 Poor fit stormy household maladaptive functioning 39 Contributes to distorted development Parents should adjust parenting based on the needs of the child XI Temperament Refers to the relatively consistent basic disposition that underlies and modulates much of a person s behavior Three Common Baby 0 Difficult O Slowtowarmup babies 0 Easy babies XII The Psychoanalytic View for Healthy SocialEmotional Development For healthy personalities and healthy socialemotional development 1 Breastfeeding 2 Prolonged period of nursing 3 Gradual weaning of breast milk and to normal food 4 Ondemand nursing schedule 5 Delayed and patient toilet training 6 Freedom from excessive punishment XIII Erickson s Psychosocial View for Healthy SocialEmotional Development Development of basic trust in others 0 Occurs as a caregiver is responsive and consistent in feeding the infant First social achievement of infancy 0 Willingness to let mother move out of sight without undue anxiety XIV The Behavioral View for Healthy SocialEmotional Development Concerned with outward display of emotions through observable behaviors Rewards appropriate behaviors Extinguishes inappropriate behaviors through reinforcement schedules timeouts and other behavioral techniques Emotional development is not a priority XV The Cognitive View and Information Processing for Healthy SocialEmotional Development Examines how children reason and solve problems Examines cognitive informationprocessing mechanisms that link affect to thinking and behaviors XVI The Ecological View and Biological View for Healthy SocialEmotional Development Ecological view environmental in uences contribute to development Biological view researchers are on a quest to understand how genetics and environment interact 0 Research is in its early stages XVII Cultural Differences in Child Rearing Childrearing practices differ from one society to another Greater contrast between industrialized and nonindustrialized countries Quality of caregiver s sensitivity and emotional availability is critical XVIII Early Child Care Practices Nuclear family consists of 2 parents and their children Multiple mothering an arrangement in which responsibility for a child s care is dispersed among several people Kinship care an arrangement in which a relative or someone else emotionally close to a child takes primary responsibility for rearing the child XIX Young Children at Risk Children suffer in health education and work Child neglect the absence of adequate social emotional and physical care Child abuse the nonaccidental physical attack on or injury to children by individuals caring for them