Chapter7LectureOutlinePart1.pdf HDFS 225
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brittany Ballog on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 225 at Michigan State University taught by Sherrell Hicklen House in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Lifespan Human Development in the family in HDFS at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
I II III Chapter 7 Outline Part 1 Physical Growth and MotorSkill Development Gross motor skills 0 Running jumping kicking 0 Large body movements made with arms and legs 0 Children benefit from plenty of exercise Fine motor skills 0 Painting getting dressed coloring O Involve small body parts such as hands and fingers 0 Develop more slowly than gross motor skills Sensory Development Visual Tactile and Kinesthetic Senses 0 Children learn about their world by stroking objects of various textures putting any new objects in their mouth 0 Children use their eyes hands mouth and feet to explore their environment Hearing and Language Development 0 Language development depends on a healthy auditory system 0 Also depends on the development of muscles in the mouth tongue and larynx Olfactory and Gustatory Sensations 0 Some children are more sensitive to smells and states 0 Finicky eaters 0 Do not like spicy strong tasting bitter or pungent foods The Brain and Nervous System Rapid development Children s brains is about 90 of its adult weight at age 5 Children at Risk of Cognitive Delays Autism Asperger s syndrome 0 One of the syndrome s closely related to autism Seizure disorder HIVAIDS Congenital birth defect Young children with behavior problems 0 Methylphenidate Ritalin Adderall Concerta Young children exposed to chemicals 0 Household objects made of toxins Nutrition and Health Issues By age 2 toddlers will be able to eat most family foods Young children need a mixed food diet Eating behaviors are as variable as children themselves When a child refuses certain foods 0 They are probably not hungry or they don t like the particular food 0 Try reintroducing the food at a later time Some children experience food allergies A strict vegetarian diet for a growing child is questionable and should be monitored by a nutritionist or medical professional Selfcare Behaviors Cultures differ in how much independence they promote in children regarding selfcare behaviors Toilet training 0 Big developmental milestone Sleep 0 Children need to receive adequate amounts of rest daily Sleep disturbances in young children 0 Problems initiating maintaining and resisting sleep Illness and immunizations 0 Children are continuously in contact with other children and are at a great risk of contacting illnesses 0 Immunizations are required in most cases 0 Children will experience better health when the immunization schedules are followed Cognitive Development Intelligence and Its Assessment Intelligence a global capacity to understand the world think rationally and cope resourcefully with the challenges of life Intelligence has been defined an measured in many different ways Wechsler intelligence is a global ability Spearman s two factor theory intelligence compromises both global and specific abilities Gardner there are many different kinds of intelligence Piaget intelligence is a process rather than a product Sternberg the informationprocessing view of intelligence looks at how people mentally manipulate information Intelligence Single or Multiple Factors 0 Intelligence as a general ability I Twofactor theory of intelligence general intelligence which is universal and specific intelligence which is particular to certain tasks 0 VIII Multiple intelligence having more than one type of intelligence Multiple Intelligences Gardner believes humans have at least nine distinct intelligences that interact 0 00000000 IX Verballinguistic Lo gicalmathematical Visualspatial Musical Bodilykinesthetic Interpersonal Intrapersonal Naturalist Existentialist Intelligence and the Nature Nurture Debate Hereditarian Position believe intelligence tests prove importance of heredity 0 Use intelligence quotient to measure intelligence Environmentalist rebuttal intellect is affected by environment 0 Believe IQ scores do not adequately measure intelligence Contemporary scientific consensus both perspectives contribute to intelligence