Chapter8LectureOutlinePart1.pdf HDFS 225
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brittany Ballog on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 225 at Michigan State University taught by Sherrell Hicklen House in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Lifespan Human Development in the family in HDFS at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
Chapter 8 Outline Part 1 I Family In uences Families Convey Cultural Standards Socialization process of transmitting culture of transforming children into functioning members of society The family is the first setting Where socialization takes place 11 Determinants of Parenting Three major determinants of parenting functions identified by Belsky The Parents Characteristics 0 Troubled parents more likely to have troubled children 0 Maternal depression can affect children adversely The Child s Characteristics 0 Age gender and temperament Sources of Stress and Support 0 Parents With high levels of social support do a better job parenting 111 Key Childrearing Practices Controlautonomy dimension 0 Restriction vs independence WarmthHostility dimension 0 Rejecting Combinations of Parenting Approaches 0 Warm but restrictive 0 Warm With democratic procedures 0 Hostile rejecting and restrictive O Hostile and permissive Discipline 0 Can be consistent or inconsistent IV Parenting Styles Authoritarian Authoritarian Parenting Style attempts to shape control and evaluate a child s behavior in accordance With traditional and absolute values and standards of conduct Parents operate from the rejectingdemanding dimension V Parenting Styles Authoritative Authoritative Parenting Style parents provide firm direction but given freedom Within limits Scaffolding supports a child s learning through interventions and tutoring that provide helpful task information attuned to the child s current level of functioning VI Parenting Styles Permissive Permissive Parenting Style parents provide nonpunitive accepting and affirmative environment Children regulate their own behavior VII Parenting Styles Harmonious Harmonious Parenting Style seldom exercises direct control over a child Egalitarian parenting Small sample in study but not enough projection outcomes might be sexrelated VIII Sibling Relationships Differences in the microenvironment Firstborn parents attach greater importance to their first born Con uence theory the oldest sibling has a richer intellectual environment Resource Dilution hypothesis resources get spread thin to the detriment of all offspring Adler s View Dethroning of the first born 0 Lost of parental attention 0 Arouses a strong and need for firstborns to have recognition approval and attention that is required through high achievement IX Peer Relationships and Friendships Peers individuals Who are approximately the same age 3 year olds form friendships like adults 0 They sort themselves into samesex groups Peer reinforcement and modeling 0 Children learn by imitating other children 0 Children can in uence one another through actions that encourage or discourage given behaviors X Aggression in Children Aggression behavior that is socially defined as injurious or destructive Boys physical and verbal aggression Girls relational issues
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