Chapter9LectureOutline.pdf HDFS 225
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brittany Ballog on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 225 at Michigan State University taught by Sherrell Hicklen House in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Lifespan Human Development in the family in HDFS at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
Chapter 9 Outline 1 Physical Development Growth and Body Changes Children grow more slowly in middle childhood ages 712 Optimum oral health and protection is key Muscle strength and lung capacity increase 11 Motor Development More skill in controlling the body develops due to a decrease in growth during this period Physical growth slows temporarily III Brain Development Children s brains are organized different than adult brains Capacity speed and efficiency of the child s mental processes increase during this time IV Health and Fitness Issues Children are the healthiest during middle childhood Childhood asthma rates have been increasing Accidents such as traffic accidents 0 Major cause of death during middle childhood Obesity at epidemic proportions V Cognitive Development Cognitive Sophistication Piaget s Period of Concrete Operations integration of the powerful abstract internal schemas such as identity reversibility classification and serial ordering Conservation tasks 0 Require recognition that the quantity of something stays the same despite changes in appearance 0 Children are able to solve conservation tasks VI Information Processing and Cognitive Development Children s perception of others change when they show rapid growth in their vocabularies for appraising people 0 Under 8 children describe people in terms of external attributes using global descriptive terms I The lady with the brown hair 0 Over 8 descriptions are more specific and precise inner qualities of a person I Smart lady intelligent lady nice lady VII Language Development in Middle Childhood A lifelong process Vocabulary 0 5th graders learn as many as 20 new words per day 0 Achieve a vocabulary of nearly 40000 words by age 11 VIII IX XII Syntax and pragmatics grammar and sentence structure 0 Children begin to formally study grammar 0 Code switching children demonstrate social requirements for language with the ability of changing the way they speak and their vocabulary depending on if they are talking to their peers parents or teachers Language Development Programs for Children below Language Standards English as a Second Language ESL focuses on teaching children English as quickly and efficiently as possible 0 Children learn English in a separate class Bilingual Education provides instruction in both language by teachers who are proficient in both Total Immersion Program children placed in regular classrooms and English is used for all instruction TwoWay Bilingual Program both native speakers and nonnative speakers receive instruction in English and another language Learning Disabilities Learning disabilities an umbrella concept to refer to those who encounter difficulty with schoolrelated material despite normal intelligence Can manifest in language oral or written skills or mathematical skills Individual Education Plan IEP legal document that ensures that the child with special learning needs will receive the needed educational support services in the least restrictive environment All students classified as having a disability are to be provided with an IEP plan Cognitive Learning Theory and Moral Development Bandura and Mischel believed that children acquire moral standards much the same way they learn any other behavior The Modeling Effect observing the behavior of another person does seem to have a modeling effect on children s obedience or disobedience to social regulations Piaget and Kohlberg believe that moral development takes place in stages based on the stages of cognitive development especially those characterized by the emergence of logical thought Cognitive Developmental Theory and Moral Development Piaget s twostage theory of moral development 0 Heteronomous morality arises from unequal interaction between children and adults 0 Autonomous morality arises from the interaction among status equals i Example interactions with peers promote moral development XIII Lawrence Kohlberg Heinz s ethical dilemma Six stages of development of moral judgment grouped into three major levels 0 Preconventional level stages 1 and 2 0 Conventional level stages 3 and 4 O Postconventional level stages 5 and 6 XIV Carol Gilligan Men and women have different conceptions of morality 0 Men morality of justice 0 Women morality of care XV Factors that In uence Moral Conduct Intelligence Age SeX male or female Group norms society groups Motivational factors internally driven and desires of right and wrong