Chapter13LectureOutline.pdf HDFS 225
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brittany Ballog on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 225 at Michigan State University taught by Sherrell Hicklen House in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Lifespan Human Development in the family in HDFS at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
II VI Chapter 13 Lecture Outline Generations of Adults in the US Baby Boomers group born between 19461964 Generation X group born between 19651980 0 More ethnically diverse and better educated than baby boomer generation The Millennials group born between early 1980s and early 2000s 0 Largest cohort in American history 0 More ethnically and racially diverse than older adults 0 Most likely to become the best educated generation Age Norms and the Social Clock We commonly associate adulthood with aging Aging biological and social change across the life span Biological aging changes in the structure and functioning of the human organism over t1me Social Aging Social aging changes in an individual s assumption and relinquishment of roles over time Transition points relinquishing familiar rules and assuming new ones Social Norms Social norms standards of behavior that members of a group share and to which they are expected to conform 0 Example unacceptability of pushing or shoving when exiting the subway Age norms social norms that define what is appropriate for people to be and to do at various ages 0 Example best age to graduate from college get married or have children Age grading Age grading the arranging of people in social layers that are based on periods in the life cycle Social clock set of internalized concepts that regulate our progression through the adult years 0 Standards that people use to asses their conformity to societal expectations I For example its appropriate to be impulsive during adolescence but not during middle age 0 The lower socioeconomic status the more rapid pacing of the social clock tends to be Agegrade Systems Flexible system in the US Age norms serve as a counterpart of the agegrad system in broadly defining what is appropriate for people to be and to do it at various stages VII Life Events Life events turning points at which individuals change direction in the course of their live s Some life events are related to social clocks but other may take place under circumstances that are largely dependent of age VIII Physical Changes and Health Physical Performance Different peaks for different activities The human machine functions at its highest level in early adulthood Both men and women complete their physical growth in early adulthood IX Socioeconomic Status RaceEthnicity and Gender The poor and those who lack higher education have a higher death rate Women have longer life expectancy than men 0 Women have two X chromosomes if something happens there is one back up Women are earning college degrees more than men Women are still paid less than men Education is the single most important predictor of future earnings X Changes in Drug and Alcohol Use over Time College students and singles are more likely to use drugs Men are three times more likely than women to drink and drive Binge drinking continues to be a problem for many college students XI Stress Psychological disorders and disturbances results from both individual vulnerability and environmental stresses Eustress good stress winning the lottery or getting into grad school Distress negative events failing an exam or class Hassles common daily stressors looking for your keys How we perceive an event is a significant factor Amount of sleep is a significant factor in feeling stress or not XII Gender Differences and Managing Stress Women admit to feeling more stress than men Gender role perspective for men roles of nurtures and caretakers create more stress in contrast to male roles Stress report by nontraditional versus traditional college students 0 More stress for nontraditional students having a job or child already XIII Selye s Stages of Stress Reaction p x Alarm reaction nervous system is activated 2 Stage of resistance the body mobilizes its resources to overcome the stress 3 Stage of exhaustion occurs after the body s capacity to handle stress becomes progressively undermined Perception on situation sense of control selfesteem and social support cushions stress XIV Cognitive Development Postformal Operations Many psychologists believe that there is a fifth stage after Piaget s formal operations stage Postformal Operational Thought is characterized by 3 features 0 Knowledge is not absolute but relativistic 0 Accept the contradictions in life and the existence of mutually incompatible systems of knowledge 0 Must find some encompassing whole by which to organize their experience XV Thought and Information Processing Information processing the stepbystep mental operations that we use in tackling intellectual tasks Sternberg believes information is perceived and then processed through a number of steps until the time that it is used as a basis for action XVI Moral Reasoning Different approaches for men and women Carol Gilligan men and women have different moral domains Men right and rules ethic of justice Women an obligation to exercise care and avoid hurt ethic of care
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