Chapter15LectureOutline.pdf HDFS 225
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brittany Ballog on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 225 at Michigan State University taught by Sherrell Hicklen House in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Lifespan Human Development in the family in HDFS at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
I II III IV Chapter 15 Lecture Outline Redefining Middle Age Middle age 0 Women average life expectancy is 80 years at birth 85 years at age 65 0 Men average life expectancy is 75 at birth 82 years at age 64 O Statistically midlife falls around age 39 but the boundaries of midlife have become uid Sensory and Physical Changes Vision Presbyopia normal condition in which the lens of the eye starts to harden losing its ability to accommodate as quickly as it did in youth 0 Symptoms include getting headaches or tired eyes while doing close work Glaucoma increased pressure caused by uid buildup in the eye 0 Can damage the optic nerve and lead to blindness if untreated Cataracts clouding on the lens typically occurs in 3050 of people over 65 Floaters annoying oating spots particles suspended in the gellike uid of the eyeball that generally do not impair Dry eye stems from diminished tear production can be uncomfortable and can be eased with drops Macular degeneration first sign is faded distorted or blurred central vision may be related to smoking 0 Leading cause of visual impairment and legal blindness in older adults Hearing Presbycusis agerelated decline in the ability to hear highpitched sounds such as in speech Some of the more common causes of conductive hearing loss include cochlear nerve damage due to prolonged exposure to loud noises from jobs or recreational pursuits Taste and Smell Reduction of taste buds 0 Taste buds are replaced every 10 days until age 40 or so when taste buds are replaced at a slower rate Decline in sense of smell after age 50 0 This also affects the sense of taste Appearance Periodontal disease loss of teeth gums start to recede Double standard of aging 0 Men become more sophisticated 0 Women experience less kind expressions Skin becomes dryer thinner and less elastic Hair color loss of hair VI Body Composition Muscles begin to atrophy or deteriorate Weight gain 0 Obesity is prevalent amongst this age group Exercise and nutrition 0 Prevents muscle atrophy and weight gain Cosmetic procedures very prevalent in this age group VII Osteoporosis A disorder of thinning bone mass and micro architectural deterioration of bone tissue VIII Arthritis Rheumatoid Arthritis an autoimmune in ammatory disease that causes pain swelling stiffness and loss of function of the joints Osteoarthritis joint in ammation resulting from cartilage degeneration that causes friction between the bones 0 Related to aging 0 Most common type of arthritis IX Menopause and Female Midlife Change Menopause the cessation of ovarian function and of menstruation O Occurs between 45 and 55 average is 51 Perimenopause the process leading to menopause typically takes 24 years Climacteric changes in the ovaries and in hormonal processes Hormone Replacement Therapy HRT a regimen often recommended to menopausal women by physicians to slow bone loss maintain cardiovascular fitness slow memory loss and maintain sexual desire HRT may increase incidence of 0 Heart attack 0 Stroke 0 Blood clots 0 Breast cancer 0 Dementia X Male Midlife Change Prostate gland enlargement of this gland located at the base of the urethra 10 of the men aged 40 already have recognizable prostate enlargement Prostatitis in ammation of the prostate Cancer of the prostate 0 Leading cause of cancer death in men 0 Incidence increase with each XI Hypertension High blood pressure Who is at risk 0 African Americans middleaged adult men and postmenopausal women 0 Overweight children and youth I More youth have hypertension at younger ages due to increasing prevalence of overweight XII Cholesterol A waxy fat that occurs naturally in the body and is used to build the cell walls and make certain hormones A leading risk factor for heart disease How to minimize 0 Reduce saturated fats in diet 0 Increase activity level 0 Stop smoking XIII The Brain Stroke brain attack occurs when blood circulation to the brain fails Parkinson s disease neurological disorder affecting the motor system Alzheimer s disease early onset AD can develop in middle adulthood 0 More likely to be diagnosed after age 65 XIV Sexual Functioning Stereotype erotic interest by older adults is unnatural and undignified Age does not eliminate sexual desire Changes 0 Takes longer to achieve erection for men 0 Frequency of sexual activity declines 0 Women who were sexually active at a young age are more likely to have fulfilling sex lives after menopause XV Cognitive Functioning IQ peaks in 20s remains stable for 20 years then drops dramatically Fluid intelligence ability to make original adaptations in novel situations what we are born with Crystallized intelligence abilities learned from education experience and acculturation Fluid intelligence declines with age but crystallized intelligence often increases with age and does not decline until 60s or 70s Cognitive abilities become increasingly differentiated with age XVI Cognition and Dialectical Thinking Dialectical thinking organized approach to analyzing and making sense of the world one experiences that differs fundamentally from formal analysis Convergent thinking application of logic and reasoning to arrive at a single correct answer to a problem Divergent thinking more openminded multiple solutions to a problem are sought and examined Middle of late adulthood is the peak period of creative productivity