Chapter17LectureOutline.pdf HDFS 225
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brittany Ballog on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 225 at Michigan State University taught by Sherrell Hicklen House in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Lifespan Human Development in the family in HDFS at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
VII Chapter 17 Lecture Outline Aging Ageism Stereotyping and judging a group of people solely on the basis of their age Gerontology the study of aging and the special problems associated with it Geropsychology study of the behavior and needs of the elderly Older Adults Who are they Future growth 0 In 2006 approximately 40 million people we age 65 or older The projection is that by 2050 there could be 21 million people aged 85 and older Effects Increase in the minority elderly population will affect economics and poverty rates Increased health care costs Increased dependency ratio Increased demand for resources Emergence of older people as a political force and social movement Myths The facts of aging are hidden by a great many myths that have little to do with the actual process of growing old Included among these myths are those that portray a large proportion of the elderly as Institutionalized Incapacitated In serious financial straits Abandoned by their families Living in fear of crime Mental Health Women have more depression than men Men are more depressed in very old age Depressed elderly adults often do not seek treatment There is a risk of suicide with depression Biological Aging Biological aging changes that occur in the structure and functioning of the human organism over time Primary aging timerelated changes a continuous process that begins at conception and ceases at death Physical Changes Hair grows thinner and turns gray Skin changes texture loses elasticity Sarcopenia agerelated muscle loss 0 Loss of muscle and of skin elasticity produce skin folds and wrinkling Collagen substance that constitutes a very high percentage of the total protein in the body appears to be implicated in the aging process VIII Vision and Hearing Glaucoma and cataracts Retinal detachment serious condition in which the retinal layer at the back of the eyeball beings to peel away Hearing loss severe loss of vision or hearing makes a person more dependent on others for even basic needs IX Taste and Smell Older adults lose taste bunds which affects enjoyment of food Sense of smell declines with age X Dental Swallowing Breathing Difficulties Loss of teeth affects nutrition and sense of appearance Dysphagia swallowing disorders increases with age due to various conditions Respiratory problems include asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD XI Hypothermia A condition in which body temperature falls more than 4 degrees Fahrenheit and persists for a number of hours Hypothermia can be lifethreatening in the elderly XII Sleep Changes Sleep patterns change Main reasons changes in circadian rhythms and the presence of sleep disorders Restless legs syndrome RLS may disrupt sleep Prickling sensation in legs Sleep apnea disorder in which the person often stops breathing during sleep XIII Biological Theories of Aging WearandTear theory Error accumulation theory Somatic mutation theory Genetic preprogramming theory Accumulation of metabolic waste Freeradical theory Autoimmune theory Hormone effects Longevity assurance theory XIV Life Expectancy By 2070 women can expect to live between 925 and 1015 years There are over 60000 Americans age 100 or older today XV Cognitive Functioning Different abilities follow different courses as a person grows older Perceptual speed decreases Depends to some extent on whether the elderly use their abilities XVI Cognitive Decline Factors that reduce risk of cognitive decline in old age 0 Good health no chronic diseases 0 Environment circumstances education interests income and family 0 Stimulating lifestyle 0 Flexible and adaptable personality 0 Marriage to spouse with high cognitive capabilities XVII Memory and Aging Memory for names declines regularly over a lifetime but verbal memory remains stable and can even increase slightly Death drop a marked intellectual decline or terminal decline phenomenon occurs just a short time before a person dies XVIII Memory Failure Decay theory forgetting is due to deterioration of the memory traces in the brain Interference theory retrieval of a cue becomes less effective as more and newer items come in to be classes or categorized in terms of it Faulty retrieval of knowledge 0 A breakdown in the mechanisms and strategies by which stored information is recalled XIX Learning and Aging Older learners benefit when given more time to learn something Older learners are more reluctant to venture a response Older learners are not willing to learn material that is useless to them Medications can diminish mental functions XX Decline in Cognitive Functioning Senility progressive mental deterioration memory loss and disorientation regarding time and place Multiinfarcts little strokes that destroy a small area of brain tissue Alzheimer s disease a progressive degenerative disorder that involves a deterioration of brain cells 0 Phases of Alzheimer s Disease I Forgetfulness 39 Confusion I Dementia Parkinson s disease progressive disease that damages dopamineproducing neurons
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