Chapter18LectureOutline.pdf HDFS 225
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brittany Ballog on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 225 at Michigan State University taught by Sherrell Hicklen House in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Lifespan Human Development in the family in HDFS at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
Chapter 18 Lecture Outline 1 Positive and Negative Attitudes Factors for positive affect Social relationships Reading and following news Extraverted personality Definite beliefs and disbeliefs Living with others Factors for negative affect Neuroticism Having a major illness Money problems Living alone or feeling lonely 11 Psychosocial Theories Erikson s integrity vs despair stage Satisfaction in having led a successful life leads to integrity If they feel like life has been wasted they may experience a sense of despair III Vaillant s Theory of Emotional Health Vailliant s protective factors for healthy aging Good marriage before age of 50 Ingenuity to cope with different situations Altruistic behaviors forgiveness gratitude helping Not smoking not abusing alcohol Staying physically active keeping weight down Pursuing education as far as intelligence permits Staying engaged with life after retirement IV A Trait Theory of Aging 4 major personality patterns or traits in people aged 5080 0 Integrated well functioning individuals 0 Armoreddefended striving ambitious achievement oriented with the need to retain control over events 0 Passivedependent strong dependency needs 0 Unintegrated gross deficits in psychological functioning V Familial Roles Love and Marriage Companionship respect and the sharing of common interests improve during later adulthood Sexuality continues to play an important role VI VII IX Remarriage and Singles More than half of older men but only one of four older women remarry Singles have more emotional and physical pathology than those who are married Elderly singles without spouse or children poor social network Death rates are consistently higher among single and socially isolated people Siblings Longestlasting relationships people have Provide continuity in family history Closeness grows with age Especially important for those with few or no children Fewer depressive symptoms greater life satisfaction and sense of emotional security Social and Cultural Support Friendships Friends are more important and satisfying to older people than their offspring are The quality of the relationship is more important than frequency of contact Older adults with physical challenges may become socially isolated A Change in Living Arrangements Living at home alone Assisted living services Institutional care Retirement communities Adult group homes Elder Abuse Elder abuse and neglect are both acts of commission and omission that cause unnecessary suffering to the elderly Spousal abuse is more common than abuse by adult children Programs have been designed to educate staff to recognize signs to prevent abuse
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