Week 4 Notes
Week 4 Notes ANTH 3501
Popular in Anthropology of development
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by firstname.lastname@example.org Notetaker on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 3501 at George Washington University taught by Robert shepherd in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Anthropology of development in anthropology, evolution, sphr at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
Week 4 Foucault o Discourse on power 0 Power Money knowledge control ability to transform If you have the power to control knowledge you control all your power They work through the disciplinary mechanism to make subjects and people docile bodiesquot who are self disciplinary Power doesn t necessarily mean state powerquot Another compound of power is discourse the language and categories we use the frames and the categories we use through these types of languages it creates a certain world view power universal discourse is constructed by this discourse Representation of discourse how these realities are constructed Development as a discourse take certain realities data from different mentality scientificrational and aggregates then into a certain discourse of knowledge They are simplified by the term development Discourse framing it in a certain way it is hegemonic Certain powers for countries redefined themselves and they claim that this is the superior from of its actors When you try to impose your beliefs into other people you are becoming hegemony Deconstruction to say that something is constructed it doesn t mean that holds true for everything Islamic development bank this is becoming universal it is so controlling and coming from economy cultural histories Economy as a discrete source of knowledge is the driving force of discourse superior form of knowledge Scott doesn t challenge development as a whole he thinks that development should include the local knowledge Escobar presents local modalities as alternatives of development This knowledge would always be controlled by the elite He believes in real local revolutions where everybody s knowledge should become universal o Poststructuralism Escobar o neo colonialism 000000 0 poverty third world discourse hegemony power knowledge deconstruction how they construct this discourse of development hegemony o geneological historical Lecture Escobar 0 An economist world view tend to dominate the conversation 0 Colombia mid 15001800 Turning Peasants into proletariats Nutrition and food security Peasant insurrection because of the combination of the two There is state s hunger for power hunger for power Focus in the issue of access to food attempt to address malnutrition and lack of food in the country after the breakout of war Discourse is also symbolic use of images How did hunger turn into the term food securityquot Programs aimed at food health and others Instruments effect is not cause in effect he s not reducing to a neocolonial brainwashing Then patterns emerge we cannot assume that is just simple coincidence Very simple insight at anthropology whatever we do when we intervene something happens Our job is to study what happens Key part of development is selfevaluation If you make people measure what you are doing you make all these data and you can measure it quantitatively Move the conversation away from is this a good or bad program What he is really saying is acknowledging that the government is that if development is being done by certain actors The food programs were suppose to increase food development and government access to food but they failed Societies have to reproduce themselves ideology and structure Classical anthropological dilemma how do people maintain themselves In terms of notion of institutional memory is another word for metis Reinvigorate existing realities If development is about bringing radical social change we tend to see the same Development is about continuation how to study this He suggests institutional ethnography study those in power Maybe anthropology is romanticizing the poor He also talks about the materiality the documents images and conferences Escobar is suggesting is that is important to study how people become visible and countable and quantifiable how they become known Page 101 The issue is not rather we label people but the key thing is which labels are created and whose labels are used in every condition and in which contextquotSome O people s labels stick There is simply no way to logically explain the dominant worldview The place of power among development actors and how does this connect to them and to this very specific case about food and nutrition in Colombia These projects tended to begin by categorizing biological formation and access After the civil war Colombia was a great place 9 the problem was that large number of Colombians were not able to buy the food Shifted to cash crops to industrialize Is this a direct outcome from these programs Discourse make money I Is not whether development is good or bad is just the idea that development don t do a lot of good but they continue I Development is driven by problembased approach identifying best practice we would be the solution Development is itself a system exploited in inequality you can t fix it you have to fight it I 3rd response is Escobar in response like this these programs failed At the end of the day state power increased and states have a presence in states which they didn t have in the past The state then becomes a development problem Escobar s alternative to development 0 0 Poverty is not about people being poor is about people do not utilizing them properly Development growth Have evidence of increased productivity Displaced peasant labor is responsible for the goods we have At the end of his book he suggests the basis of how is a practice theory In order for someone to gain power one has to lose power Any social intervention is political I The question as we go forward is what is the role of politics in development