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Elements of Music

by: Emily Liescheidt

Elements of Music 15354 - MUS 100 - 01

Emily Liescheidt
Introduction to Music Literature
Kimberly A Veenstra

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About this Document

This week contains notes about key concepts in learning the base elements of music.
Introduction to Music Literature
Kimberly A Veenstra
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Liescheidt on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 15354 - MUS 100 - 01 at Grand Valley State University taught by Kimberly A Veenstra in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 106 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Music Literature in Music at Grand Valley State University.

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Date Created: 09/27/15
Elements of Music 1 The piano keyboard and pitch relationships 1 half step distance between each key on the piano 2 whole step distance between two keys 3 each white key is a letter AG 2 Symbols 1 2 3 4 5 Sharp raises a pitch a half step Flatb lowers a pitch a half step double sharp x raises a pitch by two half steps one whole step double flat bb lowers a pitch by a whole step Natural cancels a sharp double sharp flat or double flat 3 terms 1 4 tonal music music that is dominated by a keynote and is based on the major and minor scale system Most of the music we study in this course is tonal music 1 the last note that makes a song sound finished is the tonal center 2 point of arrival scale organized ascending or descending of notes defined by a predetermined pattern of whole steps and half steps 1 example of E Major scale 1 EFGABCDE 2 w w h w w w h 2 example of E Minor Scale 1 EFGABCDE 2 w h w w h w w Key signatures when a piece of music is written in a certain major or minor key a key signature is often used instead of accidentals placed in from of individual notes A key signature is placed on the staff at the beginning of each staff system and includes all the sharps or flats that would be present in the major scale on which the piece is based Bass Clef starting pitch is F which is the second line down on the staff Odds and Ends 1 Dynamics The loudness or softness of music indicated by various words and symbols 1 2 words crescendo decrescendodiminuendo symbols pp p mp mf f ff lt gt 2 Tempo the speed at which a piece is placed indicated either with words or metronome markings 1 Ex Largo Andante Moderato Allegro Presto etc 3 Texture the way in which different musical sounds are combined 1 2 monophony a single unaccompanied line monophonic in unison homophony a melody with chordal accompaniment melody with harmony 1 homophony could involve different textures 3 Polyphony multiple independent musical lines 1 ex singing a round 1 row row row your boat 2 multiple melodies 4 Musical form the shape of a piecehow a piece is put togetherorganization of the music 1 Notes 1 melodies and chords 1 phrases 1 sec ons 1 movements 1 entire works 5 Ternary FormThreePart Form 1 Labelled ABA or ABA 2 Characterized by departure and return 6 Binary FormTwoPart Form 1 Labeled AB or AABB or sometimes AA 2 emphasis is on contrast 3 lvan s song is example of Binary 1 dynamics change in measure 18 Standard Forms in Music 1 Rondo form 1 Makes more departures as well as more returns 1 ex ABACA most common rondo form 2 has a recurring refrain and contrasting episodes 2 Jazz and rock forms 1 standard 12 bar blues 2 32 bar AABA form Song form


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