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Week 4

by: Emily Liescheidt

Week 4 15354 - MUS 100 - 01

Emily Liescheidt
Introduction to Music Literature
Kimberly A Veenstra

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About this Document

Week 4 reviews music in the Middle Ages.
Introduction to Music Literature
Kimberly A Veenstra
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Liescheidt on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 15354 - MUS 100 - 01 at Grand Valley State University taught by Kimberly A Veenstra in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 95 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Music Literature in Music at Grand Valley State University.


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Date Created: 09/27/15
MUS 100 Week 4 Middle Ages 1 Two periods 1 Early Period 4001000 1 forestsno countries yet 2 kings and queenscounts duchesses Lords and Lady s 1 Caste systemsdifference in rich and poor 3 Feudalism 2 Later Period 10001400 1 Towns developed 2 There was Trade and commerce It became importance in making a living 3 Country boundaries started becoming more defined 4 most of the music found was strictly for the church 2 The living conditions were difficult 1 Many were poor 2 many had diseases that weren t curable 3 The Church was the center of cultural life 1 they started promoting education 1 Monks spread Literature 2 Universities were established throughout Europe 3 Cathedrals art flourished with financial help from the church 1 Sculptures were everywhere 2 Inside buildings the walls were adorned with paintings 3 center of the arts 4 Earliest written examples of music 1 Earliest written music was in the 8th or 9th century 2 most Medieval music was liturgical or ceremonial 1 The written music looked different than one would see in present music pieces 2 Other music such as Folk songs work songs dances and instrumental pieces had little to no written evidence 5 Later Medieval period 1 The rise of secular songs meaning the text is not religious 1 telling stories 2 love songs 2 Before the Later Medieval period it was only monophonic 6 Early Medieval Music Plainchant 1 Gregorian Chant 1 Plainchant is monophonic vocal music used for church services 2 Variety was created through 1 melodic complexity 5 number of performers text settingsyllabic melismatic or pneumatic 1 syllabicone note per each syllable 2 melismaticmany notes per one syllable 3 pneumatic somewhere in between use of melodic modes 1 modes were also scalesseven notes 2 there is a certain pattern of full steps and half steps 3 each mode has their own unique sound shown in descending order Kyrie is a plainchant with a monophonic texture with a Melismatic text setting 7 Later Medieval Music The Secular Song Popular in the 12th century 1 Troubadourssouth France Trouveres northern France 2 Song Subjects 1 1 59 5 Love Duty Friendship Ceremony Poetry 2 Most troubadours were men but there were a few women A Chantar by Beatriz de Dia 1 Strophic 2 5 Stanzas verses plus a tornado 3 instruments 3 1 2 3 4 Vielle wooden flute lute drum 8 Later Medieval Music was Polyphony 10th century was the first evidence of two or more independent lines around 1200 there was a sudden explosion of polyphonic liturgical composition music that was written was primarily for the feast of the church year 1 feasts were a big time for celebration 1 2 3 1 ex easter or Christmas Paris was the center of 1 art 2 culture 3 musical development 4 Notre Dame cathedral was in the center of Paris 1 important place for the development of music contribution was the Magnus Liber Organi Great Book of Polyphony 1 This was a book of elaborate polyphonic compositions 1 Comps based on ancient painchants 9 End of MiddleAges 1 Secular songs that are polyphonic 2 two main trends 1 France 1 primary composer Guillaume de Machaut 2 his music is subtle and intense 3 fluid rhythm that alternates between duple and triple meters 4 doesn t usually use a meter 5 use of chromatic notes for special effect or tone color 2 Italy 1 Prominent type of song Caccia means a musical round 2 also means hunt 3 fun type of song 3 at the end of the 14th century each style started to merge into one style using both pans


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