Lecture 1 Notes
Lecture 1 Notes SOC 343
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kionna Morris on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 343 at Old Dominion University taught by Dr. Polonko in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 75 views. For similar materials see Sociology of Sexuality in Sociology at Old Dominion University.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
Sociology 343 Lecture 1 Outline Sexuality within the Context of CrossCultural Variations The common sense opinion of the average layperson is that quotsexquot is biological or instinctual However many social scientists particularly those scholars trained in the eld of sexology argue that data point to the fact that what we think is One way to understand our own sexual tendencies and at the same time to understand that sexuality is learned is to examine the enormous variations in almost every sexual behavior that exists across cultures As Ford and Beach and others argue l Diversities A Attracting a Partner 1 Physical Appearance does play an important role in sexual attraction in society and that in every society that some part of the physical does play a part however there is virtually no universal standard that is seen as arousing across cultures Some cultures prefer plump women obese women force feed women Our culture tends to value thin women Parts of body US tends to focus more on women bodies then women bodies tends to happen across other societies Our culture tends to focus more on women39s breasts and butts Other cultures focuses on small eyes large eyes ears others focus on feet tiny feet every part of the body has been celebrated Some societies focus on the woman39s genitals Some cultures focus on the lips or the nose Every society looks at different features as sexual Men39s features less focused on then women39s mostly due to power 2 Odors The only thing seen as repulsive throughout all culturessocieties Used in inviting sexintercourse Use of perfume or sweet smells used to cover up foul smell but also to attract others 3 Methods of Inviting quotSexquot The male normally initiates the sexual contact very indirect in our culture and if not it can be very off putting Try to get eye contact walk a certain way or nd an excuse to go that way nd some way to talk about violate space to let them know you39re interested a Deliberate invitations In some cultures they are very direct the women have to expose her genitals to the man sees interested in the Leesu women b Symbolic invitations Personal stick underneath the woman39s bed something carved in another culture love charms are used a potion of hair nail clipping and semen normally the mother has to approve Another sperm concealed in any food she eats she is duty bound Most societies especially patriarchal that the male should take the initiative but there are societies where women take the initiative but women nd ways to engage indirectly in that sexual Women in certain societies in a dance are allowed to trip men if she succeeds he is duty bound to have sex with her Unless strong pressure is put on women then women will take the initiative as often as men do Conclusions re Role of physical attributes in establishing sexual partnerships universally Absence of physical attributes that are seen as sexually stimulating What factors tend to be associated with indirect invitations Degree to which women initiate sexual advances as often as men do B quotForeplayquot ie Noncoital lntimacies 1 Duration In our culture married couples average 1520 minutes completed by coitus with 2 min Varies other cultures lnis Beag foreplay grab breasts lift skirt and penetrate Some foreplay engaged in for hours in other cultures 2 Types a h Grooming and delousing Are widespread forms of behavior that typically lead to sexual relations More so about touching each other that can go on for hours Typically mouth to mouth French kissing kissing neck or ear Breast stimulation Manual or oral manipulation is very common less sexualization of the breasts in other cultures that breasts are more for the purpose for babies compared to ours in the US Kissing ls common in other cultures Sometimes they kiss on the cheek or nose to cheek nose to nose Stimulation of female genitals Manual stimulation more forbidden in patriarchal societies Stimulation of male genitals quot quotPainfulquot stimulation Very few cultures in the typical way usually both people are supposed to take equal stances C Heterosexual Intercourse most common form in most societies but it is rarely the only type 1 Position implications for orgasmic response Female superior compared to male superior position 2 Women39s activitypassivity Not supposed to be as active but other can be 3 Duration locale frequency etc Immediate ejaculation to having stipulations D Masturbation ln virtually all cultures deliberately stimulating your own genitals Particularly among children in other cultures 1 Frequency over the life course 2 Approvalpermissiveness E Homosexuality 1 Prevalence 2 Approval Comparison of the lnis Beag and the Mangaian cultures
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