Chapter 6- "Learning" Notes
Chapter 6- "Learning" Notes 1010-07
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kiana Thompson on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 1010-07 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by Nicholas Comotto in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
Chapter 6 Learning What is learning the acquisition of knowledge or skills through experience study or by being taught Unlearned Behaviors Instincts an innate typically fixed pattern of behavior in animals in response to certain stimuli Re exes an action that is performed as a response to a stimulus and without conscious thought Types Associative Learning any learning process in which a new response becomes associated with a particular stimulus Observational Learning learning that occurs through observing the behavior of others Classical Conditioning a learning process that occurs when two stimuli are repeatedly paired a response that is at first elicited by the second stimulus is eventually elicited by the first stimulus alone Operant Conditioning process of behavior modification in which a subject is encouraged to behave in a desired manner through positive or negative reinforcement so that the subject comes to associate the pleasure or displeasure of the reinforcement with the behavior Classical Conditioning Ivan Pavlov research on the physiology of digestion Unconditioned Stimulus UCS elicits an unconditioned response for example food is an unconditioned stimulus for a hungry animal and salivation is the unconditioned response Unconditioned Response UCR is behavior that occurs naturally due to a given stimulus However a stimulus prompts a conditioned response only when someone has come to associate that stimulus with another Neutral Stimulus NS initially produces no specific response other than focusing attention In classical conditioning when used together with an unconditioned stimulus the neutral stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus What about adding another stimulus HigherOrder Conditioning form of learning in which a stimulus is first made meaningful or consequential for an organism through an initial step of learning and then that stimulus is used as a basis for learning about some new stimulus Processes Involved time intervals between CS and UCS Acquisition learning or developing of a skill habit or quality association between stimuli is established Extinction decrease in the conditioned response when the unconditioned stimulus is no longer paired with the conditioned stimulus eventually there will be no CR How do we distinguish between stimuli Stimulus Discrimination ability to respond differently to similar stimuli Stimulus Generalization demonstrating the conditioned response to stimuli that are similar to the conditioned stimulus Habituation when we learn not to respond to a stimulus that is presented repeatedly without change